map of Sudan; source WR SUDAN

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Sûdân
country code ISO: SD //; - FIPS: SU
location: Northeast Africa
time zone: +2 UT
surface (land) area: 2505810 sq.km = 967493 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 23° N / South: 3° N / East: 38° E / West: 22° E
borders (land): Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Uganda, Congo Kinshasa, Central African Republic, Chad, Libya, Egypt
borders (coastline): Red Sea (part of Indian Ocean)
climate: arid tropical
Government
independent since: 1956-01-01
type of government: republic
capital: Khartoum
administrative division: wilayat (26)
Population
population according to the latest census (1993): 24940,683
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 35079,814; or: 31095,000 /-; 2001: 36080,373; or: 30316,000
population density: 14 per sq.km = 36 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 23 years
birth rate: 38 - 41 per 1000
death rate: 10 - 12 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 660 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 78 per 1000
life expectancy: 57 years (male: 56; female: 58)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 36% //; - urbanisation growth: 7%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 31%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Sudanese Arab 49,1%; Dinka 11,5%; Nuba 8,1%; Beja 6,4%; Nuer 4,9%; Azande 2,7%; Bari 2,5%; Fur 2,1%; Shilluk 1,7%; Lotuko 1,5%
languages: Arabic (official); Nubian, Ta Bedawie, more local languages, English
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 73%; animist/traditional beliefs 16,7%; Christian 9,1%; other 1,2%
Health
daily food intake: 2444 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 50 - 75%
people per physician: 10000
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 51%
school enrolment: secondary education: 16%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 2%
adult literacy: 46% (male: 58%; female: 35%) [later total figure found: 57%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Sudanese dinar = 100 piaster
annual inflation rate: 61%
population below poverty line: 35%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 300 per capita
GNI USD 310 per capita //; - [ppp: 1520]
GDP growth: 5,6%
income: USD 450 per capita
import: USD 1162 per capita //; - export: USD 524 per capita
trade: USD 66 per capita //; - or 29% of GDP
trade partners: SA GB DE EG TH IT
human development index: 0,439 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 138
female labour force: 30%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,05 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 5,5% //; - grass land: 46,3% //; - wooded area: 18,1% //; - arid land and desert: 30,1%
agriculture: labour force: 63% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 36%
agricultural products: sugarcane, sorghum, millet, groundnuts, wheat, seed cotton, cottonseed, gum arabic
livestock (million): asses: 0,7 / camels: 3 / cattle: 37 / goats: 38 / poultry: 37 / sheep: 46
fish catch: 48072 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 4% //; - part of industry in GDP: 15%
industrial products: food processing, cotton grinning, textiles, cement
mining products: natural oil & gas, gold, salt, copper, iron, gypsum, marble, mica, silver, chromium, zinc
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 33% //; - part of services in GDP: 49%
energy use (kg per capita): 503
electricity use (per capita): 46
annual water use (per capita): 633
Traffic, communication
road network: 11610, or 73577 km //; - of which paved: 36% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 7 per 1000
railways: 4764 km //; - railways passenger/km: 1183
navigable inland waterways: 4068, or 5310 km
ownership telephone: 3 - 9 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 182 - 271 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 8 - 87 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 23 per 1000
persons per post office: 74300
personal computers: 3 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Kinyeti 3187 m, Jabal Marrah 3070, or 3088, Jabal Lotuke 2963
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Khazzân ar-Rusayris, Nahr an-Nil
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Nile (incl. Blue & White Nile), Ghazal, Atbara
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: Lybian Desert
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-08 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer