map of São Tomé e Príncipe; source WR SÃO TOMÉ AND PRÍNCIPE

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): São Tomé e Príncipe
country code ISO: ST //; - FIPS: TP
location: West Central Africa
time zone: +0 UT
surface (land) area: 1001 sq.km = 387 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 3° N / South: 0° N / East: 8° E / West: 5° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Gulf of Guinea (part of Atlantic Ocean)
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1975-07-12
type of government: republic
capital: São Tomé
administrative division: concelho (2), those into distrito (7)
Population
population according to the latest census (1991): 116,998, or: 117,504
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 159,883 /-; 2001: 149,000, or: 165,034
population density: 160 per sq.km = 414 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,6% //; - doubling time: 23 years
birth rate: 35 - 43 per 1000
death rate: 8 - 9 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 62 per 1000
life expectancy: 65,5 years (male: 64; female: 67)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 41% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 9%
urbanisation: 47% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: mestiços, angolares, forros, serviçais, tongas (these are all kinds of descendants of slaves)
languages: Portuguese (official); Creole-Portuguese
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic, 89,6%; Protestant 10,4% (predominantly Seventh-day Adventists)
Health
daily food intake: 2201 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 93%
people per physician: 1881
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 40%
school enrolment: secondary education: 6%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 0,3%
adult literacy: 54% (male: 70%; female: 39%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Dobra = 100 centimos
annual inflation rate: 51%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 250 per capita
GNI USD 290 per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: -1%
income: USD 350 per capita
import: USD 30 per capita //; - export: USD 7 per capita
trade: USD 200 per capita //; - or 62% of GDP
trade partners: PT EU AN
human development index: 0,615 //; - position of the country in the world no.: ca 100
female labour force: 32%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,005 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 54% //; - grass land: 1% //; - wooded area: 45% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 54% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 31%
agricultural products: coconuts, bananas, taro, cocoa, cereals, palm kernels, vegetables, melons
livestock (1000s): cattle: 3,8-4 / goats: 4,5-4,8 / pigs: 1,9-2,2 / poultry 270-300 / sheep: 2,6-2,9
fish catch: metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 6% //; - part of industry in GDP: 11%
industrial products: food & beverages, light construction, textiles, soap
mining products: of no importance
CO2 emission per capita: 0,5
services: labour force: 40% //; - part of services in GDP: 58%
energy use (kg per capita): 184
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 380 km //; - of which paved: 68% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 22 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 19 - 31 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 232 - 327 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 154 - 227 per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office: 13100
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Pico de São Tomé 2024 m, Pico Kabumbé 1403
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: a few small rivers only to drain the mountain slopes
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: see the separate file of the administrative division
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-07 by Jan Lahmeyer
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