map of Rwanda; source: WR RWANDA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Rwanda
country code ISO: RW //; - FIPS: RW
location: Central East Africa
time zone: +2 UT
surface (land) area: 26338 sq.km = 10169 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 1° S / South: 3° S / East: 31° E / West: 29° E
borders (land): Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi, Congo Kinshasa
borders (coastline): no sea coast, Lac Kivu is a water border
climate: tropical, tempered by altitude
Government
independent since: 1962-07-01
type of government: republic
capital: Kigali
administrative division: prefegitura = préfecture (12)
Population
population according to the latest census (1991): 7164,994
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 7229,129; or: 8508,000 /-; 2001: 7312,756; or: 7949,000
population density: 275 per sq.km = 711 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 44 years
birth rate: 34 - 39 per 1000
death rate: 21 - 23 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 210 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 120 per 1000
life expectancy: 39 years (male: 38; female: 40)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 46% //; - 15-59 years: 49% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 6% //; - urbanisation growth: 6%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Hutu (Bahutu) 80%; Tutsi (Watusi) 19%; Twa (Pygmoid) 1%
languages: KinyaRwanda, French, English (all official)
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 44 - 65%; Muslim 1 - 9%; African protestants 9%; traditional animists 25%
Health
daily food intake: 2035 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 41%
people per physician: 25000-73000
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 70%
school enrolment: secondary education: 20%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: <1%
adult literacy: 60% (male: 70%; female: 52%) [later total figure found: 67%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Rwanda franc = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 15%
population below poverty line: 51%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 200 per capita
GNI USD 230 per capita //; - [ppp: 930]
GDP growth: -2%
income: USD 260 per capita
import: USD 291 per capita //; - export: USD 132 per capita
trade: USD 70 per capita //; - or 15% of GDP
trade partners: BE KY JP NL DE GB BR TZ US
human development index: 0,395 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 152
female labour force: 49%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,002 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 47% //; - grass land: 19% //; - wooded area: 22% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 93% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 38%
agricultural products:
agricultural products: plantains, roots & tubers, cereals, coffee, tea, tobacco, pyrethrum, bananas
livestock (1000s): cattle: 732 / goats: 750 / pigs: 177 / poultry: 1090 / sheep: 254
industry: labour force: 3% //; - part of industry in GDP: 22%
industrial products: cement, sugar, beer, textiles
mining products: tin (cassiterite), tungsten (wolframite), gold, columbo-tantalite, beryl, methane
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 4% //; - part of services in GDP: 40%
energy use (kg per capita): 34
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 102
Traffic, communication
road network: 13173 - 14900 km //; - of which paved: 8 - 10% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 1 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km on rivers; only: Lac Kivu
ownership telephone: 2 - 2,5 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 54 - 101 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 0,1 - 1,7 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 0,1 per 1000
persons per post office: 7400000
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Karisimbi 4507 m (volcano), Karonje 2955
lowest point: Lac Kivu (?) 1460 m
lakes (natural): Lac Kivu, Burera, Ruhondo, Rweru, Ihema, Hago, Kivumba, Nasho, Mpanga, and others
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): Lac Kivu (?)
rivers: Nyabarongo, Mukungwa
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
due to the civil war and riots reliable figures are hard to obtain
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-04 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer