map of Mauritania; source: WR MAURITANIA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Mûritanîya
country code ISO: MR //; - FIPS: MR
location: West Africa
time zone: +0 UT
surface (land) area: 1030700 sq.km = 398000 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 28° N / South: 15° N / East: 5° W / West: 17° W
borders (land): Western Sahara, Algeria, Mali, Senegal
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: tropical arid
Government
independent since: 1960-11-28
type of government: republic
capital: Nawâkshût (Nouakchott)
administrative division: région (13) + urban district (1)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1988): 1864,236 / -; (2000): 2548,157
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 2667,859; or: 2665,000 / -; 2001: 2614,000
population density: 2,5 per sq.km = 6,4 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,7% //; - doubling time: 22 years
birth rate: 43 - 47 per 1000
death rate: 14 - 16 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: 119 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 84 per 1000
life expectancy: 51 years (male: 49; female: 53)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 58% //; - urbanisation growth: 9%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 39%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Moor (Arab-Berber) 81%; Wolof 7%; Tukulor (Toucouleur) 5%; Serhuli 3%; Fulbe 1%
languages: Arabic, French, Fulfulde, Fulani [Hasaniya Arabic, Wolof (both official); Pular, Soninke]
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 99,3%
Health
daily food intake: 2640 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 64%
people per physician: 11085
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 83%
school enrolment: secondary education: 28%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 6%
adult literacy: 34% (male: %; female: %) [later total figure found: 42%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Ouguiya = 5 khoums
annual inflation rate: 6%
population below poverty line: 57%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 480 per capita
GNI USD 370 per capita //; - [ppp: 1630]
GDP growth: 1%
income: USD 4000 per capita
import: USD 600 per capita //; - export: USD 471 per capita
trade: USD 335 per capita //; - or 69% of GDP
trade partners: FR GB SN IT ES JP DE
human development index: 0,437 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 139
female labour force: 44%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,002 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 0,2% //; - grass land: 38% //; - wooded area: 4% //; - arid land and desert: ca 50%
agriculture: labour force: 69% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 22%
agricultural products: sorghum, rice, dates, pulses, millet
livestock (million): asses: 0,2 / camels: 1,2 / cattle: 1,5 / goats: 5 / poultry: 4,1 / sheep: 7,5
fish catch: 47800 - 82000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 9% //; - part of industry in GDP: 31%
industrial products: dairy food & fish processing, meat, hides & skins, cement, tiles & bricks, metals
mining products: iron, gypsum, copper, gold, phosphates, ytrium
CO2 emission per capita: 1,2
services: labour force: 22% //; - part of services in GDP: 47%
energy use (kg per capita): 111
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 494
Traffic, communication
road network: 7660 km //; - of which paved: 11% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 6 per 1000
railways: 710 km //; - railways passenger/km: ?
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 4 - 6 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 146 - 444 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 26 - 58 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 0,5 per 1000
persons per post office: 37700
personal computers: 9 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Kediet ej Jill 915 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lac Rkiz and a few other salt lakes
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Sénégal
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Île Tîdra
deserts: Sahara, mainly a part called El-Djouf
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-26 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer