map of Malawi; source: WR MALAWI

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Malawi
country code ISO: MW //; - FIPS: MI
location: East Africa
time zone: +2 UT
surface (land) area: 118484 sq.km = 45747 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 9° S / South: 17° S / East: 36° E / West: 33° E
borders (land): Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia
borders (coastline): no sea coast boundary, the borders of Lake Malawi (Nyasa) form a water boundary
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1964-07-06
type of government: republic
capital: Lilongwe
administrative division: region (3) into district (24)
Population
population according to the latest census (1998-09): 9933,868
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 10385,849; or: 10311,000 / - ; 2001: 10450,000
population density: 88 per sq.km = 227 per sq.mi
population growth: 2% //; - doubling time: 23 years
birth rate: 38 - 42 per 1000
death rate: 23 - 24 per 1000
fertility rate: 8 children per female
maternal mortality: 250 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 141 per 1000
life expectancy: 38 years (male: 37; female: 38)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 49% //; - 15-59 years: 47% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 15 - 24% //; - urbanisation growth: 7%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 19%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Maravi 58%; Lomwe 18%; Yao 13%; Ngoni 7%; Chewa, Nyanja
languages: Chichewa, English (both official)
religious affiliation: Protestant 21%; Muslim 20%; Roman Catholic 18%; traditional beliefs 10%; other 30%
Health
daily food intake: 2226 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 45%
people per physician: 47600
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 66%
school enrolment: secondary education: 6%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 0%
adult literacy: 56% (male: 72%; female: 42%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Malawi kwacha = 100 tambala
annual inflation rate: 33%
population below poverty line: 54%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 200 per capita
GNI USD 170 per capita //; - [ppp: 600]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 230 per capita
import: USD 647 per capita //; - export: USD 472 per capita
trade: USD 138 per capita //; - or 55% of GDP
trade partners: ZA GB DE JP
human development index: 0,397 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 151
female labour force: 49%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,2 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 26% //; - grass land: 20% //; - wooded area: 39% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 82% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 35%
agricultural products: tobacco, tea, sugar, maize, potatoes, cassava, sorghum, bananas, dry beans, cotton
livestock (1000s): asses: 200 / cattle: 750 / goats: 1450 / pigs: 240 / poultry: 15000 / sheep: 105
fish catch: 45392 - 56564 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 3% //; - part of industry in GDP: 20%
industrial products: chemicals, textiles, food products, timber, cement
mining products: coal, limestone, gemstones (rubies, sapphires)
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 15% //; - part of services in GDP: 45%
energy use (kg per capita): 41
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 20
Traffic, communication
road network: 12215, or: 27880 km //; - of which paved: 19% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 2 per 1000
railways: 789 km //; - railways passenger/km: 19
navigable inland waterways: 1434 km
ownership telephone: 4 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 112 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 2 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 2,6 per 1000
persons per post office: 30800
personal computers: 1 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Sapitwa (Mulanje) 3001 m, Nyika 2670, Chimaliro 2058
lowest point: in the southernmost tip near Marka ca 150 m
lakes (natural): Lake Malawi (Nyasa), Lake Malombe, Lake Chilwa, Lake Chiuta
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): Lake Malawi
rivers: Shire, Lilongwe, Songwe, Bukuru, Bua
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Likuma, Chisumulti (both in Lake Malawi)
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-23 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer