map of the Comoros; source: WR COMOROS

COMORES :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Comores ; al-Qumur
country code ISO: KM [COM] //; - FIPS: CN
location: Indian Ocean, in the Mozambique Channel between NW Madagascar and SE Africa
time zone: +3 UT
surface (land) area: 1862 sq.km = 719 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 2230 sq.km = 861 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 11° S / South: 13° S / East: 45° E / West: 43° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Mozambique Channel
climate: tropical, oceanic humid
Government
independent since: 1975-07-06
type of government: federal islamic republic
capital: Moroni
administrative division: island (3)
Population
population according to the latest census (1991): 446,817
total pop. according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 578,400; or: 558,000 /-; 2001: 596,202; or: 716,000 /-; 2002: 586,000
population density: 268 per sq.km = 695 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,9% //; - doubling time: 20 years
birth rate: 39 - 47 per 1000
death rate: 9 - 12 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 79 - 89 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 59 per 1000
life expectancy: 60-61 years (male: 57-58; female: 62-63)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 48% //; - 15-59 years: 48% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 29-33% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: mixture of Arab, Bantu and Malagasy peoples: Antalote, Cafre, Makoa, Oimatsaha, Sakalava
languages: Comorian: Shaafi (a Swahili dialect); Malagasy; French
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 86 [or: 99] %, Roman Catholic 14 [or: 1] % [differences due to use of several sources]
Health
daily food intake: 1858 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 48% [FW 2000: 96%]
people per physician: 12000 - 14286
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 65%
school enrolment: secondary education: 2%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: < 1%
adult literacy: 56-57% (male: 63-64%; female: 49-50%) [PG total: 61%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Franc comore (FC)= 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 4 - 7%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 440 per capita
GNI USD 380 - 390 per capita //; - [ppp: 1590 - 1690]
GDP growth: -2%
income: USD 470 - 500 per capita
import: USD 53 per capita //; - export: USD 11 per capita
trade: USD 120 per capita //; - or 33% of GDP
trade partners: FR US DE ZA SG NL JP KE AE
human development index: 0,51 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 124
female labour force: 42%
unemployment: 20%
tourism: 0,02 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 45% //; - grass land: 7% //; - wooded area: 16% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 83% [FW 2002: 73%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 41% [FW 2002: 35%]
agricultural products: coconuts, coffee, cocoa, spices (mainly vanilla), copra, perfume essences, cloves
livestock (1000s): asses: / cattle: 51 / goats: 115 - 170 / horses: / pigs: / poultry: 440-490 / sheep: 20
fish catch: 12500 - 13200 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 6% //; - part of industry in GDP: 10% [FW 2002: 11%]
industrial products: food processing, perfume and textiles
mining products: none
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 11% //; - part of services in GDP: 49% [FW 2002: 54%]
energy use (kg per capita): 37
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 875 km //; - of which paved: 77% [673] //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 2 -13 per 1000 // international license plate: COM
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 8 - 12 per 1000 // international dialling code: +269
ownership radio receivers: 97 - 141 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 5 per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office: 13611
personal computers: 4 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Kartala 2361 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): none, or: unknown
rivers: of no importance, not shown by names on maps or in atlantes at the disposal of the compiler
canals: none
waterfalls: none, or: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: see the seperate file of the administrative division
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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official information site of the Comores


Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-27 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer