map of Cameroon; source: WR CAMEROON

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Cameroon / Cameroun
country code ISO: CM [CMR] //; - FIPS: CM
location: Central/West Africa
time zone: +1 UT
surface (land) area: 465400 sq.km = 179691 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 475439 sq.km = 183519 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 13° N / South: 2° N / East: 16° E / West: 8° E
borders (land): Nigeria, Chad, Central African Republic, Congo Brazzaville, Gabon, Equatorial Guinea
borders (coastline): Gulf of Guinea [of the Atlantic Ocean]
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1960-05-20
type of government: republic
capital: Yaoundé
administrative division: province (10)
Population
population according to the latest census (1987): 10493,655 or 10516,232
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 15421,937 /; or: 14876,000 //; 2001: 15203,000 //; 2002: 15769,000
population density: 32 per sq.km = 83 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,1% //; - doubling time: 25 years
birth rate: 36 - 47 per 1000
death rate: 12 - 14 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 300 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 166 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 78 - 95 per 1000
life expectancy: 52-55 years (male: 51-54; female: 53-57)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 47% //; - 15-59 years: 48% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 52% //; - urbanisation growth: 7,5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 21%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Fang 20%, Bamileke 18, Bulu, Yaundé, Duala 15, Fulbe 10, Mbum, Kirdi, Fulani 10, Hausa 1
languages: French, English; Sudanic, Bantu
religious affiliation: Animist 25%; Sunnî Muslim 22%; Roman Catholic 21 - 35%; Protestant 18%
Health
daily food intake: 2209 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 41% [FW 2000: 58%]
people per physician: 13510 - 14286
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 26%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: < 1%
adult literacy: 63% (male: 75%; female: 52%) [FW 2000 m: 79% ; f: 64%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: CFA franc = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 25% [FW 1990-2001: 5%]
population below poverty line: 33%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 550 - 800 per capita
GNI USD 580 per capita //; - [ppp: 1590 - 1910]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 650 - 940 per capita
import: USD 1204 per capita //; - export: USD 1758 per capita
trade: USD 310 per capita //; - or 36% of GDP
trade partners: FR DE BE US NL JP NG IT ES
human development index: 0,506 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 125
female labour force: 38%
unemployment: 30%
tourism: 0,135 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 15% //; - grass land: 18% //; - wooded area: 53% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 74-79% [FW 2002: 58%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 27% [FW 2002: 43%]
agricultural products: millet, cocoa, coffee, bananas, timber, sugar cane, cassava, plantains, maize, cotton
livestock (million): cattle: 5,9 / goats: 4,4 / pigs: 1,4 / poultry: 30 / sheep: 3,8
fish catch: 95000 - 112159 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 5-7% //; - part of industry in GDP: 22% [FW 2002: 20%]
industrial products: hydroelectricitity, cement, aluminium, food processing, oil production & refining
mining products: natural oil & gas, bauxite, tin, limestone, iron ore, uranium, gold, marble, pozzolana
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 14-22% //; - part of services in GDP: 51% [FW 2002: 38%]
energy use (kg per capita): 419
electricity use (per capita): 184
annual water use (per capita): 38
Traffic, communication
road network: 34300; or: 52214 km //; - of which paved: 13% [4288] //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 6 - 7 per 1000 // international license plate: CAM
railways: 1016-1104 km //; - railways passenger/km: 398
navigable inland waterways: 2090 km
ownership telephone: 4,5 - 7 per 1000 // international dialling code: +237
ownership radio receivers: 115 - 325 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 32 - 75 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 4 per 1000
persons per post office: 53100
personal computers: 3 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Fako [Cameroon Mt.] 4095 m, Mt. Oku 3011, Mts. Bambouto 2740
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Tchad, Lagdo, Mbakaou
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Sanago
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-23 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer