map of Burundi; source WR BURUNDI

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Burundi
country code ISO: BI [BDI] //; - FIPS: BY
location: Central Africa
time zone: +2 UT
surface (land) area: 25650 sq.km = 9903 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 27834 sq.km = 10747 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 2° S / South: 4° S / East: 31° E / West: 29° E
borders (land): Rwanda, Tanzania, Congo Kinshasa
borders (coastline): no sea border, Lake Tanganyika
climate: tropical, though temperated by mountainous location
Government
independent since: 1962-07-01
type of government: republic
capital: Bujumbura
administrative division: province (15)
Population
population according to the latest - or last two - censuses (1990): 5292,793 [or: 5139,100]
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 6054,714 //; or: 6807,000; 2001: 6840,000 / ; 2002: 7071,000
population density: 244 per sq.km = 633 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,9% //; - doubling time: 25 years
birth rate: 40 - 47 per 1000
death rate: 15 - 16 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 208 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 101 - 123 per 1000
life expectancy: 46 - 49 years (male: 45 - 48; female: 47 - 51) [FW 2002: 42]
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 7 - 9% //; - urbanisation growth: 2,5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: ca 50%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Hutu 85%; Tutsi 14%; Twa 1%
languages: French, kiRundi, Swahili
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 62%; traditional beliefs 16%; Protestant 5%; non religious 17%
Health
daily food intake: 1578 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 52% [FW 2000: 78%]
people per physician: 21000 - 100000
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 55%
school enrolment: secondary education: 8%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: 35% (male: 50%; female: 23%) [source DK: 49% ; FW 2000: m 56% / f 40%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Burundi franc (F.Bu.) = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 12%
population below poverty line: 36% [FW: 58%]
Gross Domestic Product: USD 189 per capita
GNI USD 100 - 110 per capita //; - [ppp: 580 - 630]
GDP growth: -5%
income: USD 160 - 210 per capita
import: USD 205 per capita //; - export: USD 69 per capita
trade: USD 60 per capita //; - or 29% of GDP
trade partners: DE BE FI JP FR IR GB ZM NL KE RW TZ SA
human development index: 0,309 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 160
female labour force: 49%
unemployment: % [large amount]
tourism: 0,03 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 52% //; - grass land: 36% //; - wooded area: 3% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 93% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 55%
agricultural products: coffee, cotton, tea
livestock (1000s): asses: / cattle: 315 - 400 / goats: 550 - 920 / pigs: 50 - 80 / poultry: 4300 / sheep: 120 - 330
fish catch: 9199 - 10055 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 2% //; - part of industry in GDP: 16%
industrial products: food processing, light consumer goods
mining products: gold, tungsten, nickel, vanadium, oil, uranium
CO2 emission per capita: 0,0
services: labour force: 6% //; - part of services in GDP: 29%
energy use (kg per capita): 23
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 20
Traffic, communication
road network: 6285 [or: 14480] km //; - of which paved: 7% [1028] //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 3 per 1000 // international license plate: RU
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km (shipping is only possible on Lake Tanganyika)
ownership telephone: 3 per 1000 // international dialling code: +257
ownership radio receivers: 47 - 71 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 7 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 3 per 1000
persons per post office: 219000
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Karonje 2685 m
lowest point: Lake Tanganyika 773 m
lakes (natural): Lake Tanganyika, Cohoha, Rweru
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): Lake Tanganyika 1435 m
rivers: several small rivers, most of them flowing into Lake Tanganyika
canals: none
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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    Internet website:
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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer