map of Burkina Faso; source WR BURKINA FASO

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Burkina ; or: Burkina Faso
country code ISO: BF [BFA] //; - FIPS: UV
location: West Africa
time zone: 0 UT
surface (land) area: 274540 sq.km = 105972 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 15° N / South: 9° N / East: 2° E / West: 5° W
borders (land): Niger, Benin, Togo, Ghana, Côte d'Ivoire, Mali
borders (coastline): none
climate: tropical, semi-arid
Government
independent since: 1960-08-05
type of government: republic
capital: Ouagadougou
administrative division: province (30,45)
Population
population according to the latest census: (1996): 10312,609
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 11946,065 //; or: 11274,000 ; 2001: 11856,000 ; 2002: 11831,000
population density: 44 per sq.km = 113 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,7% //; - doubling time: 24 years
birth rate: 46 - 47 per 1000
death rate: 17 - 20 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: 810 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 207 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 107 - 137 per 1000
life expectancy: 46,5 years (male: 46 - 48; female: 47 - 51) [source PG: 42; FW: 43]
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 44% //; - 15-59 years: 51% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 18% //; - urbanisation growth: 3,8%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 41%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Mossi 48%; Mande 8%; Fulani 8%; Bobo 7%; Gurunsi 7%; Gurmantche 7%; Tuareg, Dyula, Songhai, Senufo, Lobi
languages: French (official), Fulani, Mossi plus several indigenous languages of the Sudanic group
religious affiliation: indigenous beliefs 45%; Sunnî Muslim 43%; Christian 12% (mostly Roman Catholic)
Health
daily food intake: 2149 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 30000 - 33333
people per hospital bed: 2400
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 21% [FW 2001: 35%]
school enrolment: secondary education: 3%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: < 1%
adult literacy: 18 - 19% (male: 30%; female: 9%) [DK: 25% / FW 2000: m: 34 ; f: 14]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: CFA franc = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 2 - 4%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 305 - 1100 per capita
GNI USD 210 per capita //; - [ppp: 970]
GDP growth: 2,4%
income: USD 350 per capita
import: USD 536 per capita //; - export: USD 105 per capita
trade: USD 48 per capita //; - or 35% of GDP
trade partners: FR CI CH IT US JP SN TW SG CO IN TG BE
human development index: 0,32 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 159
female labour force: 47%
unemployment: 1%
tourism: 0,1 - 0,2 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 13% //; - grass land: 37% //; - wooded area: 24% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 87% [FW 2001: 92%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 44% [FW 2002: 32%]
agricultural products: sorghum, millet, maize, sugar cane, groundnuts, seed cotton, pulses, rice
livestock (million): asses: 0,5 / camels: / cattle: 4,7 - 4,8 / goats: 8 - 9 / pigs: 0,6 / poultry: 22 - 23 / sheep: 6,6 - 7
fish catch: 7600 - 8505 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 4% //; - part of industry in GDP: 20% [FW 2002: 19%]
industrial products: food processing, beverages, soap, textiles
mining products: gold, antimony, marble, manganese, silver, zinc, limestone
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 9% //; - part of services in GDP: 36%[FW 2002: 50%]
energy use (kg per capita): 16
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 40
Traffic, communication
road network: 13134 km //; - of which paved: 16% [2001] //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 1 - 4 per 1000 // international license plate: BF
railways: 622 km //; - railways passenger/km: 202
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 3 - 5 per 1000 // international dialling code: +226
ownership radio receivers: 33 - 48 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 4,4 - 11 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 1,6 per 1000
persons per post office: 157000
personal computers: 1,3 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Téna Kourou 747 m
lowest point: in the most southern point where the Black Volta river leaves the country
lakes (natural): unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Black Volta, Red Volta
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: the Northern region is close the Southern part of the Sahara desert
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Official site of the government of Burkina Faso


Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer