map of Algeria; source WR ALGERIA [Djazaïria]

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Al Jaza'ir'; `'Gazâ'ir
country code ISO: DZ [DZA] //; - FIPS: AG
location: NW Africa
time zone: +1 UT
surface (land area): 2381741 sq.km = 919595 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 37° N / South: 19° N / East: 12° E / West: 9° W
borders (land): Tunesia, Libya, Niger, Mali, Mauretania, Western Sahara, Morocco
borders (coastline): Mediterranean Sea
climate: subtropical, arid
Government
independent since: 1962-07-05
type of government: republic
capital: El-Djazaïr (Alger, Algiers)
administrative division: wilâyat (51) [or 48?]
Population
population according to the latest census (1998): 29100,863
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 31193,917; or: 30399,000 //; or: ; 2001: //; or: 2002: 31320,000
population density: 13 per sq.km = 35 per sq.mi
population growth: 2% //; - doubling time: 30 years
birth rate: 28-35 per 1000
death rate: 7 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: 47-140 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 49 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 39 - 61 per 1000
life expectancy: 69-71 years (male: 68-69; female: 70-73)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 44% //; - 15-59 years: 51% //; - 60+ years : 5%
urbanisation: 60% //; - urbanisation growth: 5,8%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 12%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Arab 83%, Berber 16%, French <1%
languages: Arab, Berber (Tamazight, Kabylian), French
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 1%
Health
daily food intake: 3020 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 94%
people per physician: 1176 - 2300
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 95% [later figure: 100%]
school enrolment: secondary education: 62% [later figure: 71%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 9% [later figure: 15%]
adult literacy: 63% [PG: 57% ; later figure: 68%] (male: 75%; female: 51%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Dinar algérienne (DA) = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 17-23%
population below poverty line: 23%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1690-1720 per capita
GNI USD 5040 per capita //; - [ppp: 5530]
GDP growth: -2,4 - +2,2%
income: USD 1600 - 2020 per capita
import: USD 9830 per capita //; - export: USD 8555 per capita
trade: USD 640 - 757 per capita //; - or 64% of GDP
trade partners: FR DE IT US NL ES TR BE BR
human development index: 0,693 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 100
female labour force: 28%
unemployment: 12% [later figure found: 26%; especially a high percentage in youth]
tourism: 0,9 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 3% //; - grass land: 13% //; - wooded area: 2% //; - arid land and desert: 75%
agriculture: labour force: 14% [other figure found: 18-24%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 10-14%
agricultural products: olives, wine, cereals, fruit, vegetables, timber
livestock (million): asses: 0,2 / camels: 0,2 / cattle: 1,3 / goats: 3,4 / pigs: 0,006 / poultry: 132 / sheep: 16,8
fish catch: 105693 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 11% [PG: 33%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 43-53%
industrial products: oil refining, petrochemicals, food processing
mining products: oil and natural gas, phosphates, iron ore, lead, copper, zinc, silver, gold
CO2 emission per capita: 3,6
services: labour force: 75% [PG: 49%] //; - part of services in GDP: 36-43%
energy use (kg per capita): 944
electricity use (per capita): 692
annual water use (per capita): 180
Traffic, communication
road network: 102424 km //; - of which paved: 69% [ca 71656 km] //; - of which are motorways: 640 km
vehicles: 26 per 1000 // international license plate: DZ
railways: 4146, or 4772 km //; - railways passenger/km: 2524
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 52-61 per 1000 // international dialling code: +213
ownership radio receivers: 242 per 1000
ownership tv -: 111 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 46 per 1000
persons per post office: 8950
personal computers: 6,5 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Tahat (Djebel Atakor) 2918 m, Assekrème 2728, Djebel Telerhteba 2455, Djebel Chélia 2328
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Chott ech Chergui, Chott Mehrihr, Chott el Hodna
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Cheliff
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: Erg Chech (northern part of the Sahara)
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer