map of Northern Mariana Islands; source: WR NORTHERN MARIANA ISLANDS

general data of the country

General useful information
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
Nation and population
official name (short form): Northern Mariana Islands
country code ISO: MP //; - FIPS: CQ
location: Western Pacific Ocean
time zone: UT [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 471 = 182 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 477 = 184 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 21° N / South: 13° N / East: 157° E / West: 140° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical oceanic
independent since: not yet
type of government: since 1947 commonwealth territory of the USA
capital: Capitol Hill on Saipan
administrative division: municipality (4)
population according to the last two censuses (1990): 43,345 //; - (2000): 69,221
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 71,912 / - ; 2001: 70,000
population density: 149 per = 385 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: ca 30 years
birth rate: 35 per 1000
death rate: 5 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 38 per 1000
life expectancy: 67 years (male: 65; female: 70)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 24% //; - 15-59 years: 73% //; - 60+ years: 3%
urbanisation: 28% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Chamorro, Carolinians and other Micronesians, Spanish, Japanese, Chinese, Korean
languages: English, Chamorro (both official); Carolinian
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 60%; Protestant 19%
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician:
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: %
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: 96% (male: %; female: %)
Economy and infrastructure
Economy and trade
currency: US dollar = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: %
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 10500 per capita
GNI USD per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: %
income: USD 3500 per capita
import: USD 392 per capita //; - export: USD 263 per capita
trade: USD 10000 per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: US
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: %
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 1% //; - grass land: 19% //; - wooded area: 29% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: % //; - part of agriculture in GDP: %
agricultural products: melons, vegetables, horticulture, fruits, nuts
livestock (1000s): cattle: 1,8 / pigs: 0,8 / poultry: 29,4
fish catch: 193 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 14% //; - part of industry in GDP: %
industrial products: apparel, stone, clay & glass products
mining products: none, or unknown
CO2 emission per capita:
services: labour force: 86% //; - part of services in GDP: %
energy use (kg per capita):
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 494 km //; - of which paved: 27% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 264 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 190 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: per 1000
Some physical landmarks
mountains: peak on Agrihan 965 m; (Wedding Cake Mt.?) on Rota Island 496; Okso' Takpochao (on Saipan) 471
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Hagoi Susupe
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: some tiny rivers to drain drain the mountain slopes
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown // caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest: unknown
islands: see the separate file of the adminstrative division
deserts: none
other natural features:
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
data, not specified in the sources used, are often combined with those of the USA
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
some sources before 1975 mention the data combined with other US Trust Territory of the Pacific islands - >
> prior to 1950 the data are for the Japanese Trust Territory, and may include Guam as well

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information page of the Northern Mariana Islands

Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-29 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer