map of New Zealand; source: WR NEW ZEALAND

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): New Zealand
country code ISO: NZ //; - FIPS: NZ
location: Southwest Pacific, South Oceania
time zone: +12 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 267844 sq.km = 103736 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 33° S / South: 53° S / East: 173° E / West: 160° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Pacific Ocean / length: 5650 km
climate: from temperate (s) to subtropical (n)
Government
independent since: 1907-09-26
type of government: republic within the British Commonwealth
capital: Wellington
administrative division: county (91, 93?)
Population
population according to the latest census (2001): 3737,277
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 3819,762; or: 3831,000
population density: 14 per sq.km = 36 per sq.mi
population growth: 1% //; - doubling time: 81 years
birth rate: 14 -17 per 1000
death rate: 8 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 8,3 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 1 per 1000
life expectancy: 78 years (male: 75; female: 81)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 23% //; - 15-59 years: 62% //; - 60+ years: 19%
urbanisation: 86% //; - urbanisation growth: 1,9%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 30%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: New Zealand European 72%; Maori 14,2%; Pacific Polynesians 4,8%
languages: English, Maori (both official)
religious affiliation: Anglican 17%; Presbyterian 15%; Roman-Catholic 13%; Methodist 3%; non religeous 25%; other 27%
Health
daily food intake: 3315 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 87%
people per physician: 318
people per hospital bed: 164
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 88%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 41%
adult literacy: virtually 100% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: New Zealand dollar = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 1,5%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 14340 per capita
GNI USD 12990 per capita //; - [ppp: 18530]
GDP growth: 1,8%
income: USD 12140 per capita
import: USD 13958 per capita //; - export: USD 13745 per capita
trade: USD 5615 per capita //; - or 55% of GDP
trade partners: AU US JP GB DE KR TW
human development index: 0,913 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 19
female labour force: 45%
unemployment: 6%
tourism: 1,6 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 14% //; - grass land: 50% //; - wooded area: 28% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 10% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 9%
agricultural products: wool, cheese, butter, meat, fish, fruits, cereals, potatoes, timber
livestock (million): cattle: 9 / goats: 0,3 / horses: 0,08 / pigs: 0,4 / poultry: 13 / sheep: 45
fish catch: 669267 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 20% //; - part of industry in GDP: 27%
industrial products: high-tech manufacturing, food processing, textiles, machinery
mining products: coal, oil, natural gas, iron, gold, silica sand
CO2 emission per capita: 7,9
services: labour force: 70% //; - part of services in GDP: 64%
energy use (kg per capita): 4770
electricity use (per capita): 8426
annual water use (per capita): 589
Traffic, communication
road network: 93278 km //; - of which paved: 73% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 526 per 1000
railways: 3915 km //; - railways passenger/km: 458
navigable inland waterways: 1609 km
ownership telephone: 479 - 490 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 866 - 1027 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 497-518 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 297 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: 360 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: (South Island): Mt. Cook 3754 m, Tasman 3497, Dampier 3440, Silberhorn 3300
mountains (North Island): Ruapehu 2797 m, Taranaki (Mt. Egmont) 2518, Ngauruhoe 2287
lowest point: sea level / bottom of Lake Hauroko: 306 m below sea level; this lake is with 462 m the deepest in NZ
lakes (natural): Taupo 606 sq.km, Waikaremoana 541, Te Anau 352, Wakatipu 293
lakes (artificial reservoirs): unknown
lakes (deepest): 462 m: Lake Hauroko; the bottom is 306 m below sea level
rivers: Waikato 425 km, Clutha/Matau 322, Whanganui 290, Taieri 288 // canals: none
waterfalls: Helena 271 m, Sutherland (more than 1 leap) 580
caves: longest system: / deepest: Nettlebed, Mt. Arthur 889 m
islands: North + South Island; Stewart Island and some other dependencies
deserts: none
other natural features: glacier: Tasman, with a length of 29 km
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
the data of the 19th century differ because of ex- or including the Maori population

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Statistics New Zealand


Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-29 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer