map of New Caledonia NEW CALEDONIA

[Nouvelle Calédonie] : general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Nouvelle Calédonie
country code ISO: NC //; - FIPS: NC
location: Western Pacific
time zone: +11 UT
surface (land) area: 18280 sq.km = 7058 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 18580 sq.km = 7174 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 17° S / South: 23° S / East: 174° E / West: 157° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Pacific Ocean
climate: tropical oceanic
Government
independent since: not yet
type of government: overseas territory of France
capital: Nouméa
administrative division: province (3) into commune (32)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1989): 164,173 //; - (1996): 196,836
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 201,816; or: 213,000 /-; 2001: 204,863, or: 217,000
population density: 11 per sq.km = 29 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,8% //; - doubling time: ca 40 years
birth rate: 25 per 1000
death rate: 6 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 34 per 1000
life expectancy: 73 years (male: 69; female: 76)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 30% //; - 15-59 years: 61% //; - 60+ years: 9%
urbanisation: 81% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Melanesian 44%; European 34%; Polynesian 12%; Indonesian 4%; other 6%
languages: French (official); Melanesian,& Polynesian dialects
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 55 - 60%; Protestant 30%; Muslim 3%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: 800
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: %
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: 91% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Franc français pacifique = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 1,7%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 7830 per capita
GNI USD 15060 per capita //; - [ppp: 21820]
GDP growth: -1%
income: USD 4000 per capita
import: USD 842 per capita //; - export: USD 355 per capita
trade: USD 7688 per capita //; - or 54% of GDP
trade partners: FR AU US NZ JP
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: 38%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,1 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 1% //; - grass land: 15% //; - wooded area: 39% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 12% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 25%
agricultural products: coffee, copra, yams, sweet potatoes, potatoes, cassava, corn, coconuts
livestock (1000s): cattle: 112 / goats: 1-20 / horses: 11 / pigs: 40 / poultry: 260-500 / sheep: 4
fish catch: 3152 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 9% //; - part of industry in GDP: 7%
industrial products: building materials and food processing
mining products: nickel (25% of world output), chrome, iron, cobalt, manganese, silver, gold, lead, copper
CO2 emission per capita: 8,5
services: labour force: 79% //; - part of services in GDP: 68%
energy use (kg per capita):
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 10
Traffic, communication
road network: 5762 km //; - of which paved: 22% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 222 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 236 - 241 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 495 - 527 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 257 - 380 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 123 per 1000
persons per post office: 3280
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Mont Panié 1628 m, Mont Humboldt 1618, Mont Maoya 1508, Mé Maoya 1441
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): a lake (possibly a reservoir) in se NC, near Yaté
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: some small rivers that drain the mountain slopes
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: except for Nouvelle Calédonie itself: Wé (Lifou), Maré, Ouvéa, Île des Pins, Île Art
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-29 by Jan Lahmeyer
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