map of Antarctica ANTARCTICA

general data of the continent

General useful information
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
Nation and population
official name (short form): Antarctica
country code ISO: AQ [-?] //; - FIPS: AY
location: around the South Pole, on the higher latitudes of the Southern hemisphere
time zone: several zones
surface (land) area: 13900000 = 5366790 sq.mi //; >
> area incl. inland shelfs & waters: = 5446972 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 63° S / South: 90° S / East & West: not applicable
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Southern Arctic Sea, which consists of the Southern parts of all three major oceans of the world
climate: extreme arctic, windiest and coldest continent
existing since: 1961-06-23 (Treaty of Antarctica)
type of government: international governance
capital: none
administrative division: there is no real division, but several countries are claiming certain sectors
population according to the last census: no census has been, or will be taken
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 4000, mainly consisting off scientists and logistical staff
population density: 0 per = 0 per sq.mi
population growth: 0 % //; - doubling time: not applicable
birth rate: 0 per 1000
death rate: 0 per 1000
fertility rate: 0 children per female [hardly pregnant females residential]
maternal mortality: 0 per 100,000 [hardly pregnant females residential]
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 0 per 1000 [hardly pregnant females residential]
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 0 per 1000 [hardly pregnant females residential]
life expectancy: years (male: ; female: )
age breakdown: 0-14 years: < 2% //; - 15-59 years: > 95% //; - 60+ years: < 3%
urbanisation: 0% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: diverse from the countries having sectors claimed
languages: there is no official language, English might be regarded as lingua franca between the scientists
religious affiliation: predominantly Christian
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician: at least 1 medical officer per station
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 0%
school enrolment: secondary education: 0%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 0%
adult literacy: 100% (male: %; female: %)
Economy and infrastructure
Economy and trade
currency: none
annual inflation rate: not applicable
population below poverty line: none
Gross Domestic Product: USD per capita [in reality no economic activity of importance exists]
GNI USD per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: %
income: USD per capita
import: USD per capita //; - export: USD per capita [there is no commercial trade]
trade: USD per capita //; - or % of GDP [there is no commercial trade]
trade partners: none ; only import of food and transport equipment of the countries having sectors
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: %
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,003 - 0,02 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 0% //; - grass land: < 1% //; - wooded area: 0% //; - arid land & desert (i.e. ice cover): > 99%
agriculture: labour force: % //; - part of agriculture in GDP: %
agricultural products: fish
livestock: none
fish catch: ? metric tonnes - figures counted within the concerning national statistics
industry: labour force: % //; - part of industry in GDP: %
industrial products: none
mining products: some minerals, although mining is prohibited
CO2 emission per capita:
services: labour force: % //; - part of services in GDP: %
energy use (kg per capita):
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 0 km //; - of which paved: 0% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: multipurpose technical vehicles ca 1000 per 1000 // international license plate: not applicable
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: ? per 1000 [unknown; but there should be a very high density] // international dialling code: not applicable
ownership radio receivers: ? per 1000 [exact numbers unknown; but there should be a very high density]
ownership tv-sets: ? per 1000 [exact numbers unknown; but there should be a very high density]
newspaper circulation: ? per 1000
persons per post office: -
personal computers: > 900 per 1000
Some physical landmarks
mountains: Mt. Vinson 4897 [5140?]m, Mt.Tyree 4852, Mt.Kirkpatrick 4528, Mt.Markham 4351, Mt.Jackson 4190 >
> some more mountains: Mt.Sidley 4181, Mt.Minto 4165, Mt.Miller 4160, Mt.Fridtjof Nansen 4096, Mt.Lister 4025
highest active volcano: Mt. Erebus 3784 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural, or artificial reservoirs): none
rivers, canals & waterfalls: none
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest: none
islands: Berkner, Alexander
deserts: snow-ice desert with an ice cap over 2 km thick
other natural features: ice shelfs: Ross, Ronne, Filchner, Larsen, Getz // glaciers: Lambert
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
area sectors are claimed by Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway and the >
> United Kingdom. Some specific data are stated in separate "dependent territories" files of these countries
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
Antarctica has a transient population; most are involved in research; few persons stay more than 2 years

Tere are no separate files of the population growth of the continent, nor per claimed sector, nor per research station or "urban settlement".
File created on 2002-01-28; revised on 2003-04-17; and last modified on 2004-12-20 by Jan Lahmeyer

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1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer