map of Svalbard SVALBARD and other DEPENDENCIES

[Spitsbergen] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Svalbard
country code ISO: SJ //; - FIPS: SV
location: Greenland Sea (part of North Atlantic Ocean)
time zone: +1 UT* {except for Jan Mayen: -1 UT*} [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 62594 sq.km / 24168 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 81° N / South: 74° N / East: 35° E / West: 10° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: cold arctic
Government
independent since: not yet [dependency since 1925-08-24]
type of government: dependent territory of Norway
capital: Longyearbyen
administrative division: none, or unknwon
Population
population according to the latest census: unknown, no real census has been taken
total population according to the estimate of midyear latest estimate: (2000) 2,416 ; note: population is varying seasonally
population density: 0,04 per sq.km = 0.015 per sq.mi
population growth: 0% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: ? per 1000
death rate: ? per 1000
fertility rate: 0 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): ? per 1000
life expectancy: years (male: ; female: )
age breakdown: 0-14 years: % //; - 15-59 years: % //; - 60+ years: %
urbanisation: 0% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Norwegian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish
languages: Norwegian, Russian
religious affiliation: Lutheran, Russian-Orthodox
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician:
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: %
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: 99% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Norwegian currency
annual inflation rate: %
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD per capita
GNI USD per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: %
income: USD per capita
import: USD per capita //; - export: USD per capita
trade: USD per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: NO RU
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: ?%
unemployment: %
tourism: ca 1,000
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 0% //; - grass land: <1% //; - wooded area: 0% //; - arid land and desert: ca 98%
agriculture: labour force: 0% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 0%
agricultural products: none
livestock: none
fish catch: metric tonnes
industry: labour force: % //; - part of industry in GDP: %
industrial products: some activity in telecommunication sector
mining products: coal ; [natural gas and oil deposits have been discovered, but they are not for commercial use]
CO2 emission per capita:
services: labour force: % //; - part of services in GDP: %
energy use (kg per capita):
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: ? km //; - of which paved: -% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: ? per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: ? per 1000
ownership radio receivers: ? per 1000
ownership tv-sets: ? per 1000
newspaper circulation: ? per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: [on Jan Mayen] Haakon VII Topp (formerly: Beerenberg) 2277 m
mountains [on Spitsbergen]: Newtontoppen 1713 m, Perriertoppen 1712, Eidsvollfjellet (Dovrefjell) 1454, Hornsundtind 1431
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: none, or unknown // canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: see the file of the administrative dision
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-08 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer