map of Svalbard SVALBARD and other DEPENDENCIES

[Spitsbergen] :
general data of the country

General useful information
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
Nation and population
official name (short form): Svalbard
country code ISO: SJ //; - FIPS: SV
location: Greenland Sea (part of North Atlantic Ocean)
time zone: +1 UT* {except for Jan Mayen: -1 UT*} [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 62594 / 24168 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 81° N / South: 74° N / East: 35° E / West: 10° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: cold arctic
independent since: not yet [dependency since 1925-08-24]
type of government: dependent territory of Norway
capital: Longyearbyen
administrative division: none, or unknwon
population according to the latest census: unknown, no real census has been taken
total population according to the estimate of midyear latest estimate: (2000) 2,416 ; note: population is varying seasonally
population density: 0,04 per = 0.015 per sq.mi
population growth: 0% //; - doubling time: not applicable, exceeds 100 years
birth rate: ? per 1000
death rate: ? per 1000
fertility rate: 0 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): ? per 1000
life expectancy: years (male: ; female: )
age breakdown: 0-14 years: % //; - 15-59 years: % //; - 60+ years: %
urbanisation: 0% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Norwegian, Russian, Ukrainian, Polish
languages: Norwegian, Russian
religious affiliation: Lutheran, Russian-Orthodox
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: %
people per physician:
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: %
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: 99% (male: %; female: %)
Economy and infrastructure
Economy and trade
currency: Norwegian currency
annual inflation rate: %
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD per capita
GNI USD per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: %
income: USD per capita
import: USD per capita //; - export: USD per capita
trade: USD per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: NO RU
human development index: //; - position of the country in the world no.:
female labour force: ?%
unemployment: %
tourism: ca 1,000
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 0% //; - grass land: <1% //; - wooded area: 0% //; - arid land and desert: ca 98%
agriculture: labour force: 0% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 0%
agricultural products: none
livestock: none
fish catch: metric tonnes
industry: labour force: % //; - part of industry in GDP: %
industrial products: some activity in telecommunication sector
mining products: coal ; [natural gas and oil deposits have been discovered, but they are not for commercial use]
CO2 emission per capita:
services: labour force: % //; - part of services in GDP: %
energy use (kg per capita):
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: ? km //; - of which paved: -% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: ? per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: ? per 1000
ownership radio receivers: ? per 1000
ownership tv-sets: ? per 1000
newspaper circulation: ? per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: per 1000
Some physical landmarks
mountains: [on Jan Mayen] Haakon VII Topp (formerly: Beerenberg) 2277 m
mountains [on Spitsbergen]: Newtontoppen 1713 m, Perriertoppen 1712, Eidsvollfjellet (Dovrefjell) 1454, Hornsundtind 1431
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: none, or unknown // canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: see the file of the administrative dision
deserts: none
other natural features:
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the islands

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS

back     Internet website:
Statistics Norway

Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-08 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer