map of Syria; source WR SYRIA

[Souriyya] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Sûrîya
country code ISO: SY //; - FIPS: SY
location: Southwest Asia, Middle East
time zone: +2 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 185180 sq.km = 71498 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 37° N / South: 32° N / East: 42° E / West: 36° E
borders (land): Turkey 845 km, Iraq 596, Jordan 356, Palestine 74, Lebanon 359
borders (coastline): Mediterranean Sea 183 km
climate: Mediterrannean (coastal region), continental arid, hot
Government
independent since: 1946-04-17
type of government: republic
capital: Es-Sham (Damascus)
administrative division: muhafazah [governorate] (14)
Population
population according to the latest census (1994): 13782,315
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 16305,659; or: 16189,000 /-; 2001: 16544,000; or: 16782,808
population density: 88 per sq.km = 228 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,5% //; - doubling time: 21 years
birth rate: 31 - 40 per 1000
death rate: 5 - 6 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 280 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 30 per 1000
life expectancy: 69 years (male: 67; female: 70)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 48% //; - 15-59 years: 48% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 55% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 33%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Arab 89%; Kurdish 8%; Armenian 2%
languages: Arabic (official); Kurdish, Armenian, Amharic, Cherkess, Turkmen
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 74%; other Muslim 16% (Shî'î 12%); Christian 6%; Druze 3%
Health
daily food intake: 3378 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 85%
people per physician: 694
people per hospital bed: 832
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 99%
school enrolment: secondary education: 57%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 18%
adult literacy: 71% (male: 86%; female: 56%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Syrian pound = 100 piasters
annual inflation rate: 7%
population below poverty line: 20%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 3250 per capita
GNI USD 940 per capita //; - [ppp: 3340]
GDP growth: 3%
income: USD 1110 per capita
import: USD 4709 per capita //; - export: USD 3670 per capita
trade: USD 502 per capita //; - or 48% of GDP
trade partners: CIS-countries RO DE FR IT TR US
human development index: 0,7 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 97
female labour force: 27%
unemployment: %
tourism: 1,4 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 31% //; - grass land: 43% //; - wooded area: 4% //; - arid land and desert: 20%
agriculture: labour force: 22% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 30%
agricultural products: wheat, barley, seed cotton, tomatoes, grapes, apples, eggplants, lentils, chickpeas, wool, dairy
livestock (million): asses: 0,2 / cattle: 0,98 / goats: 1 / pigs: 0,7 / poultry: 22 / sheep: 13,5
fish catch: 7945 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 15% //; - part of industry in GDP: 23%
industrial products: cement, wheat flour, refined sugar, fertilizers, olive oil, textiles, soap, rugs, tobacco, oil products
mining products: phosphate rock, gypsum, salt, marble blocks, oil & natural gas, iron
CO2 emission per capita: 3,3
services: labour force: 63% //; - part of services in GDP: 47%
energy use (kg per capita): 1143
electricity use (per capita): 863
annual water use (per capita): 435
Traffic, communication
road network: 29682, or 41792 km //; - of which paved: 23, or 71% //; - of which are motorways: 712 km
vehicles: 9 per 1000
railways: 1766, or 2450 km //; - railways passenger/km: 855
navigable inland waterways: 672, or 870 km
ownership telephone: 63 - 99 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 207 - 278 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 49 - 89 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 18 per 1000
persons per post office: 21800
personal computers: 15 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Jabal Ash-Shaykh (Mt. Hermon) 2814 m, Aten 2615, Halîmah (Halimeh) 2464, Shaquef 2462
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Sabkhat al-Jabbûl 239 sq.km; Qattineh 61 sq.km
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Buhayrat al-Asad 674 sq.km
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Nahr al-Furat (Euphrates) 680 km, Al-Khabour 442, Orontes 441, Nahr al-'Asi, Al-Balikh 202
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none, or unknown
deserts: Syrian Desert
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Information on Syria via Arab.Net


Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-08 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer