map of Sri Lanka; source WR SRI LANKA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Srî Lanka ; Ilankai
country code ISO: LK //; - FIPS: CE
location: South Asia
time zone: +5:30 UT
surface (land) area: 65610 sq.km = 25332 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 10° N / South: 6° N / East: 82° E / West: 80° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Indian Ocean
climate: tropical, humid, monsoon
Government
independent since: 1948-02-04
type of government: republic
capital: Colombo (administrative), Sri Jayewardenepura Kotte (legislative)
administrative division: province (9) into district (25)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1981): 14848,364 /-; (2001:) 19410,000
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 19238,575; or: 19359,000 / -; 2001: 19408,635
population density: 294 per sq.km = 762 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,4% //; - doubling time: 52 years
birth rate: 17 - 20 per 1000
death rate: 6 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: 60 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 24 per 1000
life expectancy: 73 years (male: 71; female: 75)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 33% //; - 15-59 years: 59% //; - 60+ years: 8%
urbanisation: 24% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 16%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Sinhalese 73,9%; Tamil 12,7%; Sri Lankan Moor 7,1%; Indian Tamil 5,5%; Burgher 0,3%; Malayan 0,3%
languages: Sinhala, Tamil (both official); English
religious affiliation: Buddhist 69,3%; Hindu 15,5%; Muslim 7,5%; Christian (mainly Roman Catholic) 6,9%; other: 0,8%
Health
daily food intake: 2314 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 20, or 83%
people per physician: 2740
people per hospital bed: 355
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 98%
school enrolment: secondary education: 53%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 1%
adult literacy: 87% (male: 90%; female: 84%) [later as total figure found: 92%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Sri Lanka rupee = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 9%
population below poverty line: 25%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 640 per capita
GNI USD 850 per capita //; - [ppp: 3460]
GDP growth: 4%
income: USD 500 per capita
import: USD 2833 per capita //; - export: USD 2391 per capita
trade: USD 293 per capita //; - or 73% of GDP
trade partners: JP IN SK US GB DE BE NL FR
human development index: 0,735 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 81
female labour force: 37%
unemployment: 8%
tourism: 0,4 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 29% //; - grass land: 7% //; - wooded area: 32% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 43% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 27%
agricultural products: tea, rice, coconuts, sugarcane, cassava, cattle, rubber, timber
livestock (1000s): buffalo 694 / cattle: 1557 / goats: 495 / horses: 1 / pigs: 71 / poultry: 10200 / sheep: 11
fish catch: 247000 - 271595 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 12% //; - part of industry in GDP: 25%
industrial products: food manufacturing & processing, textiles, clothing, oil refining
mining products: quartz stone, limestone, titanium, gemstones, petroleum, graphite, phosphates
CO2 emission per capita: 0,4
services: labour force: 46% //; - part of services in GDP: 48%
energy use (kg per capita): 406
electricity use (per capita): 255
annual water use (per capita): 503
Traffic, communication
road network: 102600 km //; - of which paved: 11% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 10 per 1000
railways: 1447, or 1493 km //; - railways passenger/km: 3264
navigable inland waterways: 430 km
ownership telephone: 11 - 36 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 182 - 210 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 66 - 92 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 25 per 1000
persons per post office: 4440
personal computers: 7 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Pidurutalagala 2524 m, Kirigalpota 2395, Totapolakanda 2357, Kudahagala 2320, Sri Pada (Adam's Peak) 2243, Kikiimana 2240
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Senanayake Samudra, Nanthi Kadal, and lots of other small lakes
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Uda Walawe Reservoir, and possibly some more
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Mahaweli Ganga 335 km, Aruvi Aru 164, Kala Oya 148, Kelani 145
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: Bambarakanda 263 m
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Karaitiv, Mannar, Kayts, Punkudutivi, Delft
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
due to the unstable political situation the census of 2001 is not held in the Northern-Northeastern districts

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-07 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer