map of Oman; source: WR OMAN

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Oman
country code ISO: OM //; - FIPS: MU
location: Southwest Asia
time zone: +4 UT
surface (land) area: 212460 sq.km = 82030 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 306000 sq.km = 118150 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 26°20' N / South: 16°40' N / East: 59°40' E / West: 51°50' E
borders (land): United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Yemen
borders (coastline): Gulf of Oman, Arabian Sea (parts of Indian Ocean)
climate: tropical arid
Government
independent since: 1650 ; 1951-12-20
type of government: absolute monarchy (sultanate)
capital: Masqat
administrative division: mintaqah = region (6), muhafazat = province (2)
Population
population according to the latest census (1993): 2017,591, or: 2018,074
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 2533,389; or: 2395,000 / -; 2001: 2623,000
population density: 8,5 - 11 per sq.km = 22 - 29 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,9% //; - doubling time: 21 years
birth rate: 38 - 44 per 1000
death rate: 4 -5 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 30 per 1000
life expectancy: 72 years (male: 70; female: 74)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 47% //; - 15-59 years: 49% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 13, or 83% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Omani Arab 73%; Indian 13%; Pakistani (mostly Balochî) 7%; Egyptian 2%; other 5%
languages: Arabic (official); Balochî, English
religious affiliation: Ibâdiyah Muslim 74%; other Muslim minorities (of which Sunnî 14%); also Hindu 7% and Christian 4%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 68%
people per physician: 837
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 80?%
school enrolment: secondary education: %
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: %
adult literacy: 72% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: rial Omani = 1000 baizas
annual inflation rate: -0,2%
population below poverty line: 32%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 4820 per capita
GNI USD per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: 0,3%
income: USD 5500 per capita
import: USD 4249 per capita //; - export: USD 5917 per capita
trade: USD 5172 per capita //; - or 75% of GDP
trade partners: AE SA JP US GB CN TH
human development index: 0,747 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 71
female labour force: 17%
unemployment: 20%
tourism: 0,5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 0,3% //; - grass land: 5% //; - wooded area: % //; - arid land and desert: ca 94%
agriculture: labour force: 50% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 4%
agricultural products: vegetables & melons (mainly watermelons), dates, bananas, mangoes, limes, alfalfa
livestock (1000s): camels: 98 / cattle: 146-149 / goats: 729-980 / poultry: 3400 / sheep: 155-180
fish catch: 108809 - 117049 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 22% //; - part of industry in GDP: 52%
industry: labour force: 22% / - of GDP: 52% // CO2 emissions p.cap.: 8,8 // unemployment: 20%
industrial products: textiles, food products & beverages, chemical products, oil & gas, constructions
CO2 emission per capita: 8,8
services: labour force: 29% //; - part of services in GDP: 44%
energy use (kg per capita): 3607
electricity use (per capita): 2880
annual water use (per capita): 564
Traffic, communication
road network: 24700, or 33020 km //; - of which paved: 30, or 20% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 104 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 79 - 90 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 416 - 598 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 61 - 711 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 30 per 1000
persons per post office: 23400
personal computers: 32 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Jabal ash Shâm 2980 m, unnamed peak in Jabal Akhdar 2719, Jabal Khadar 2154, Hafit 1524
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Umm as Samîm
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: most rivers are wadi's
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Masîrah, Halânîyât
deserts: Rub' al Khali
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-01 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer