map of the Maldives; source: WR The MALDIVES

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Divehi
country code ISO: MV //; - FIPS: MV
location: South Asia
time zone: +5 UT
surface (land) area: 298 sq.km = 115 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 8° N / South: 1° N / East: 74° E / West: 73° E
borders (land): none
borders (coastline): Indian Ocean
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1965-07-26
type of government: republic
capital: Malé
administrative division: administrative atoll (20)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1995): 244,644; (provisional results census 2000): 296,010
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 301,475 / - ; 2001: 276,000
population density: 1006 per sq.km = 2607 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,5% //; - doubling time: 22 years
birth rate: 38 - 41 per 1000
death rate: 8 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 61 per 1000
life expectancy: 62 years (male: 61; female: 64)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 47% //; - 15-59 years: 48% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 30% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: mixture of Sinhalese, Dravidian/Indian extraction with Arab/African/Negrito influence
languages: Divehi (Sinhala dialect, official); English
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim, almost 100%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 89%
people per physician: 5300
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 62%
school enrolment: secondary education: 6%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 0,4%
adult literacy: 91 - 93% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Maldivian rufiyaa = 100 laari
annual inflation rate: 6%
population below poverty line: 16%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 500 per capita
GNI USD 1960 per capita //; - [ppp: 4240]
GDP growth: 5%
income: USD 460 per capita
import: USD 191 per capita //; - export: USD 34 per capita
trade: USD 750 per capita //; - or 84% of GDP
trade partners: LK TH GB US IN SG JP
human development index: 0,739 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 77
female labour force: 43%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,5 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 10% //; - grass land: 3% //; - wooded area: 3% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 25% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 14%
agricultural products: fishing (tuna), coconuts, vegetables & melons, roots & tubers, corn, sweet potatoes
livestock (million): none
fish catch: 107676 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 16% //; - part of industry in GDP: 53%
industrial products: clothing, boat building and repairing, fish processing, tourism
mining products: none
CO2 emission per capita: 1,3
services: labour force: 59% //; - part of services in GDP: 33%
energy use (kg per capita): 1066
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 768
Traffic, communication
road network: 10 km //; - of which paved: 100% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 3 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 57 - 84 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 99 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 19 - 40 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 12 per 1000
persons per post office: 700
personal computers: 20 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: none; islands are all flat, there is no level above 1,8 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: none
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none
caves: longest system: none / deepest:
islands: 1190 small coral islands (198 inhabited), all threathened by the worldwide rising sea level
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-24 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer