map of Laos; source: WR LAOS

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Laos
country code ISO: LA //; - FIPS: LA
location: Southeast Asia
time zone: +7 UT
surface (land) area: 236800 sq.km = 91429 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 23° N / South: 14° N / East: 108° E / West: 100° E
borders (land): Vietnam, Cambodia, Thailand, Myanmar, China
borders (coastline): none
climate: tropical to subtropical
Government
independent since: 1953-10-23
type of government: people's republic
capital: Viangchan (Vientiane)
administrative division: province (17) + special region (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (1995): 4581,258
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 5497,459; or: 5279,000 // - ; 2001: 5574,000
population density: 23 per sq.km = 60 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,8% //; - doubling time: 25 years
birth rate: 38 - 42 per 1000
death rate: 13 - 14 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 89 per 1000
life expectancy: 54 years (male: 52; female: 55)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 44% //; - 15-59 years: 52% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 23% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 48%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Lao Loum 68%; Leo Theung 22%; Lao Soung [Lao Thai] (including Hmong & Yao) 9%
languages: Lao (official); French, English
religious affiliation: Buddhist 58%; tribal religions 34%; Christian 2%; Muslim 1%; other 5%
Health
daily food intake: 2175 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 39%
people per physician: 3555
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 27%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 2%
adult literacy: 84% (male: %; female: %) [source CA states as total figure: 62%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Kip = 100 at
annual inflation rate: 27%
population below poverty line: 46%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1300 per capita
GNI USD 290 per capita //; - [ppp: 1540]
GDP growth: 4%
income: USD 230 per capita
import: USD 564 per capita //; - export: USD 300 per capita
trade: USD 62 per capita //; - or 53% of GDP
trade partners: TH JP CH FR DE IT
human development index: 0,476 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 131
female labour force: 45%
unemployment: 2,4%
tourism: 0,2 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 4% //; - grass land: 3% //; - wooded area: 55% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 76% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 59%
agricultural products: timber, coffee, rice, maize, fruit, sugar cane, sweet potatoes, fishing, cassava, cotton, vegetables
livestock (million): cattle: 1,1 / goats: 0,2 / horses: 0,03 / pigs: 1,3 / poultry: 14 / water buffalo 1
fish catch: 30000 - 40000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 7% //; - part of industry in GDP: 17%
industrial products: of little importance, some garment manufacturing and wood processing
mining products: tin, gypsum, iron, copper, potash, lead, limestone, antimony, gold
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 17% //; - part of services in GDP: 24%
energy use (kg per capita): 42
electricity use (per capita): ?
annual water use (per capita): 260
Traffic, communication
road network: 13971, or: 22321 km //; - of which paved: 14% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 4 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 4600 km
ownership telephone: 4 -7 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 121 -145 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 7 - 17 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 3 per 1000
persons per post office: 11600
personal computers:? per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Phou Bia 2820 m, Rao Co 2286, Phou Loi 2263
lowest point: in the southermost tip of the country where the Mekong river leaves the country
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Nam Ngum
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Mekong, Tha, Ou, Ngum, Bangfai, Banghiang, Kong
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer