map of Kuwait; source: WR KUWAIT

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Kuwait
country code ISO: KW //; - FIPS: KU
location: Southwest Asia, Middle East
time zone: +3 UT
surface (land) area: 17818 sq.km = 6880 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 30° N / South: 28° N / East: 48° E / West: 46° E
borders (land): Saudi Arabia, Iraq
borders (coastline): Persian Gulf (Indian Ocean)
climate: tropical arid, with extreme temperatures
Government
independent since: 1961-06-19
type of government: constitutional monarchy (emirate)
capital: Kuwait City
administrative division: governorate (5)
Population
population according to the latest census (1995): 1575,983
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 1973,572; or: 1984,000 // -; 2001: 2023,000
population density: 112 per sq.km = 291 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,1% //; - doubling time: 30 years
birth rate: 22 - 27 per 1000
death rate: 2 per 1000
fertility rate: 4 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): per 1000
life expectancy: 77 years (male: 75; female: 79)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 39% //; - 15-59 years: 53% //; - 60+ years: 8%
urbanisation: 98% //; - urbanisation growth: 7%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 30%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Kuwaiti Arab 41%; non-Kuwaiti Arab 38%; various Asian 21%
languages: Arabic 78% (official); Kurdish 10%; Farsi 4%; English
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 45%; Shî'î Muslim 30%; other Muslim 10%; other 15% (of which Christian 6%)
Health
daily food intake: 3059 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 100%
people per physician: 530
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 99%
school enrolment: secondary education: 74%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 12%
adult literacy: 79 - 83% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Kuwaiti dinar = 1000 fils
annual inflation rate: 3%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 23500 per capita
GNI USD 18030 per capita //; - [ppp: 18690]
GDP growth: -1,4%
income: USD 16000 per capita
import: USD 7790 per capita //; - export: USD 12944 per capita
trade: USD 8682 per capita //; - or 72% of GDP
trade partners: US JP DE NL PK GB
human development index: 0,818 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 43
female labour force: 31%
unemployment: 2%
tourism: 0,08 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 0,4% //; - grass land: 8% //; - wooded area: 0,3% //; - arid land and desert: ca 90%
agriculture: labour force: 1% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 1%
agricultural products: cucumbers, gherkins, onions, tomatoes, eggplants, garlic
livestock (1000s): camels: 8 / cattle: 20,4-21 / goats: 70-150 / poultry: 28000-33000 / sheep: 405-450
fish catch: metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 9% //; - part of industry in GDP: 56%
industrial products: petroleum refining, oil products
mining products: natural oil & gas, salt
CO2 emission per capita: 26,3
services: labour force: 89% //; - part of services in GDP: 43%
energy use (kg per capita): 8984
electricity use (per capita): 14011
annual water use (per capita): 11
Traffic, communication
road network: 4273 - 4450 km //; - of which paved: 81% //; - of which are motorways: 280 km
vehicles: 226 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 226 - 240 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 591 - 678 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 373 - 505 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 387 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: 131 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: As-Shaqayah 290 m, Ad Dibdibah 271
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: some small wadis of no importance
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Jazîrat Bûbîyân, Faylakah, Jazîrat Warbah
deserts: Jâl al-Liyâh Shiqqat al Qalîb
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-21 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer