map of Kazakhstan; source: WR KAZAKHSTAN

[Kazachstan] :
general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Qazaqstan
country code ISO: KZ //; - FIPS: KZ
location: Central Asia
time zone: +4 - +6 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 2724900 sq.km = 1052100 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 55° N / South: 41° N / East: 87° E / West: 47° E
borders (land): Russian Federation 6467 km, China 1460, Kyrgyzstan 980, Uzbekistan 2300, Turkmenistan 380; total length: 12187 km
borders (coastline): Caspian Sea: 600 km
climate: arid continental
Government
independent since: 1991-12-16
type of government: republic
capital: Astana (Aqmola, Tselinograd); former capital: Almaty (Alma-Ata)
administrative division: province (19)
Population
population according to the latest census (1999): 14952,420
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 16733,227; or: 14869,000 // -; 2001: 16731,303; or: 14842,000
population density: 5,4 per sq.km = 14 per sq.mi
population growth: 1,1% //; - doubling time: that was 77 years, but the population tends to be stable or even deminish in recent years
birth rate: 17 - 18 per 1000
death rate: 9 - 11 per 1000
fertility rate: 2 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 27 per 1000
life expectancy: 65 years (male: 58; female: 69)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 32% //; - 15-59 years: 59% //; - 60+ years: 9%
urbanisation: 56% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Kazakh 46%; Russian 35%; Ukrainian 5%; German 3%; Uzbek 2%; Tatar 2%; Byelarussian 1%; Uighur 1%
languages: Kazakh, Russian (both official); German, Ukrainian
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 47%; Christian 10% (Russian Orthodox 8%, Protestant 2%); other 43%
Health
daily food intake: 2517 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 91%
people per physician: 287
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 92%
school enrolment: secondary education: 54%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 10%
adult literacy: 97% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Tenge = 100 tiyn
annual inflation rate: 205%
population below poverty line: 35%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 3560 per capita
GNI USD 1260 per capita //; - [ppp: 5490]
GDP growth: -3%
income: USD 2470 per capita
import: USD 3781 per capita //; - export: USD 4974 per capita
trade: USD 500 per capita //; - or 78% of GDP
trade partners: mainly CIS countries
human development index: 0,742 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 75
female labour force: 47%
unemployment: 4%
tourism: million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 13% //; - grass land: 69% //; - wooded area: 3,5% //; - arid land and desert: ca 10%
agriculture: labour force: 19% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 34%
agricultural products: wheat, grain, potatoes, fruit, cotton
livestock (million): camels: 0,1 /cattle: 4 / goats: 0,9 / horses: 0,9 / pigs: 1 / poultry: 18,1 / sheep: 8,7
fish catch: 25758 - 41367 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 25% //; - part of industry in GDP: 49%
industrial products: metallurgy, mineral products, food products, agricultural machinery
mining products: oil, gas, manganese, gold, silver, coal, iron, tungsten, chromite, chrome ore, copper
CO2 emission per capita: 8,2
services: labour force: 56% //; - part of services in GDP: 17%
energy use (kg per capita): 2374
electricity use (per capita): 2448
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 164900 km //; - of which paved: 68% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 43 per 1000
railways: 14460, or 21600 km //; - railways passenger/km: 2180
navigable inland waterways: 4002 km
ownership telephone: 118 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 103 - 384 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 238 - 275 per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office: 3810
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Khan Taniry Peak 6995 m, 100 years of EGS Peak 6276, Pik Talgar 4973, Ishanbulak 4647, Gora Besbaskan 4622, Metallurg Mtn 4600
lowest point: border of the Caspian Sea, 25 m below sea level
lakes (natural): Caspian Sea 374000 sq.km, Aral Tenizi 46600, Ozero Balkhash 18200, Ozero Zaysan
lakes (artificial reservoirs): possibly some small ones
lakes (deepest): or unknown
rivers: Ertys (Irtysh) 1700 km in KZ, Esyl (Ishim?) 1400, Syr Darya 1400, Oral (Ural) 1082, Ili, Emba
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: Peski Muyunkum
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer