map of Iraq; source: WR IRAQ

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): 'Irâq
country code ISO: IQ //; - FIPS: IZ
location: Southwest Asia, Middle East
time zone: +3 UT
surface (land) area: 435052 sq.km = 167975 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 37° N / South: 29° N / East: 49° E / West: 39° E
borders (land): Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Jordan, Syria, Turkey, Iran
borders (coastline): Persian Gulf (part of Indian Ocean)
climate: (sub)tropical, semi arid to arid
Government
independent since: 1932-10-03
type of government: republic
capital: Baghdâd
administrative division: liwa / governorate (18)
Population
population according to the latest census (1997): 22017,983
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 22675,617; or: 23264,000; 2001: 23584,000
population density: 54 per sq.km = 139 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,5% //; - doubling time: 29 years
birth rate: 35 - 44 per 1000
death rate: 6 - 7per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: 50 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 67 per 1000
life expectancy: 61 - 67 years (male: 66; female: 68)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 46% //; - 15-59 years: 49% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 77% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 55%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Arab 77%; Kurd 19%; Azerbaijani / Turkoman 2%; Persian 2%; Assyrian 0,8%
languages: Arabic (official); Kurdish, Turkish
religious affiliation: Shî'î Muslim 54 - 65%; Sunnî Muslim 32 - 42% (difference depends on source)
Health
daily food intake: 2419 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 44%
people per physician: 1818
people per hospital bed: 704
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 96%
school enrolment: secondary education: 47%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 14%
adult literacy: 60% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Dinar = 20 dirhams = 1000 fils
annual inflation rate: unknown, supposed to be high [45%?]
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1036 per capita
GNI USD 2700 per capita //; - [ppp: ]
GDP growth: 10% [a not so actual figure]
income: USD 2000 per capita
import: USD 4834 per capita //; - export: USD 6659 per capita
trade: USD 276 per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: TR UA JR DE JP
human development index: 0,567 //; - position of the country in the world no.: ca 115
female labour force: 20%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,078 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 12% //; - grass land: 9% //; - wooded area: 4% //; - arid land and desert: ca 70%
agriculture: labour force: 13% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 25%
agricultural products: dates, cattle, sheep, cereals, goats, camels, cotton
livestock (1000s): asses: 380 / buffalo: 65 / camels: 8 / cattle: 1350 / goats: 1600 / poultry: 23000 / sheep: 6780
fish catch: 24606 - 34702 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 8% //; - part of industry in GDP: 41%
industrial products: oil and gas production, food processing, textiles, chemicals, cement
mining products: natural oil & gas, sulphur
CO2 emission per capita: 3,7
services: labour force: 80% //; - part of services in GDP: 42%
energy use (kg per capita): 1263
electricity use (per capita): 1303
annual water use (per capita): 4575
Traffic, communication
road network: 25479 - 47400 km //; - of which paved: 85% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 34 per 1000
railways: 2032 km //; - railways passenger/km: 1566
navigable inland waterways: 130 - 1015 km
ownership telephone: 33 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 167 - 630 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 48 - 83 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 27 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Kúh-e Hájí Ebráhím 3600 - 3658 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Buhayrat ath Tharthár, Buhayrat ar Razázah, Hawr al Hammár, Hawr as Sa'díyah
lakes (artificial reservoirs): some small ones
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Al Furat (Euphrates), Dijla / Digla (Tigris), Záb al Kábir (Great Zab)
canals: Shatt al Arab
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none, or unknown
deserts: Al Jazírah (nw), Al Harajah (s), Syrian desert (w)
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
The Iraqi Mission

back     Internet website:
The Iraq Foundation


Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-18 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer