map of Haiti; source: WR HAITI

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Haïti ; Dayti
country code ISO: HT //; - FIPS: HA
location: Central America, West Indies, Caribbean, Greater Antilles
time zone: -5 UT
surface (land) area: 27750 sq.km = 10714 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 20° N / South: 18° N / East: 72° W / West: 75° W
borders (land): Dominican Republic
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean, Caribbean Sea
climate: tropical, Caribbean
Government
independent since: 1804-01-01
type of government: republic
capital: Port-au-Prince
administrative division: département (9)
Population
population according to the latest census (1982): 5053,792
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 6867,995; or: 7180,294; or: 7959,000 // - ; 2001: 8270,000; or: 6964,549
population density: 248 - 299 per sq.km = 644 - 775 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,4% //; - doubling time: 31 years
birth rate: 32 - 35 per 1000
death rate: 12 - 15 per 1000
fertility rate: 5 children per female
maternal mortality: 230 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 86 per 1000
life expectancy: 50 - 57 years (male: 48 - 55; female: 51 - 58)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 40% //; - 15-59 years: 54% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 36% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 55%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: black 90%; mulatto 9%; white 1%
languages: Haitian Creole 88%; French 10%
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 69%; Baptist 10%; other Protestant 6%; other: 14%; Voodoo
Health
daily food intake: 1876 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 28%
people per physician: 7180
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 62%
school enrolment: secondary education: 15%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 5%
adult literacy: 53% (male: %; female: %)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Gourde = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 20%
population below poverty line: 65%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 250 per capita
GNI USD 510 per capita //; - [ppp: 1470]
GDP growth: -3%
income: USD 370 per capita
import: USD 226 per capita //; - export: USD 74 per capita
trade: USD 70 per capita //; - or 30% of GDP
trade partners: US FR IT JP BE CA
human development index: 0,467 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 134
female labour force: 43%
unemployment: 70%
tourism: 0,14 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 33% //; - grass land: 18% //; - wooded area: 1% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 50% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 31%
agricultural products: coffee, sugar, sisal, mangoes, corn, rice
livestock (1000s): asses: 215 / cattle: 1430 / goats: 1940 / horses: 500 / pigs: 1000 / poultry: 5860 / sheep: 152
fish catch: 5000 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 6% //; - part of industry in GDP: 38%
industrial products: sugar refining, textiles: industrial activity collapsed following sanctions in 1991
mining products: bauxite, marble, limestone, clay
CO2 emission per capita: 0,2
services: labour force: 44% //; - part of services in GDP: 31%
energy use (kg per capita): 265
electricity use (per capita): 40
annual water use (per capita): 7
Traffic, communication
road network: 4285 km //; - of which paved: 24% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 4 per 1000
railways: 40 km //; - railways passenger/km: ?
navigable inland waterways: 100 km
ownership telephone: 8 - 9 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 41 - 55 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 4 - 5 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 7 per 1000
persons per post office: 53200
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Pic de la Selle 2680 m, Pic Macaya 2347
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lac de Péligre, Étang Saûmâtre
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Artibonite, Canot
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Île de la Gonâve, Île de la Tortue, Grande Cayemite, Île à Vache
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
if there is a range between the figures, the differences are due to the use of several sources
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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official site of Haiti

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official site of the government of Haiti


Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-16 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer