map of the Dominican Republic; source: WR DOMINICAN REPUBLIC

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): República Dominicana
country code ISO: DO [DOM] //; - FIPS: DR
location: Central America, West-Indies, Caribbean, Antilles: forms the Eastern half of the island Hispaniola
time zone: -4 UT
surface (land) area: 48443 (48422) sq.km = 18704 (18696) sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 48730 sq.km = 18815 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 20° N / South: 18° N / East: 68° W / West: 73° W
borders (land): Haiti
borders (coastline): Atlantic ocean, Caribbean Sea
climate: Caribbean (sub)tropical in trade winds area
Government
independent since: 1844-02-27 ; 1865
type of government: republic
capital: Santo Domingo
administrative division: provincia (30)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: 1993: 7293,390 /-; 2002 (preliminary) 8230,722
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 8442,533; or: 8373,000 /-; 2002: 8613,000
population density: 174 per sq.km = 451 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,1% //; - doubling time: 38 years
birth rate: 23 - 28 per 1000
death rate: 5 - 6 per 1000
fertility rate: 3 children per female
maternal mortality: 74 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 38 - 49 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 32 - 46 per 1000
life expectancy: 67 - 73 years (male: 65 - 71; female: 70 - 76) [differences due to use of several sources]
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 38% //; - 15-59 years: 57% //; - 60+ years: 6%
urbanisation: 64% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Mulatto 73%; White 16%; Black 11%
languages: Spanish
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 81,9% [source DK: 92%; FW: 88%; PG: 93%]; other: 11,7%; Protestant 6,4%
Health
daily food intake: 2277 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 79% [FW 2000: 86%]
people per physician: 463 - 1000
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 96% [FW 2001: 97%]
school enrolment: secondary education: 28% [FW 2001: 42%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 1%
adult literacy: 82% [PG: 83%; FW 2000: 84% (male: 84%; female: 84%)]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Peso (dom$) = 100 centavos
annual inflation rate: 9 - 10%
population below poverty line: 21%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1430 per capita
GNI USD 2130 - 2230 per capita //; - [ppp: 5710]
GDP growth: 4%
income: USD 950 - 1460 per capita
import: USD 2626 per capita //; - export: USD 2008 per capita
trade: USD 324 per capita //; - or 79% of GDP
trade partners: US VE CA GB HT BR MX JP NL PR ES BE
human development index: 0,722 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 86
female labour force: 31%
unemployment: 14 - 17%
tourism: 3 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 30% //; - grass land: 43% //; - wooded area: 13% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 46% [FW 2002: 15%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 18% [FW 2002: 12%]
agricultural products: coffee, cocoa, tobacco, fruit, rice, chicken meat, sugarcane, plantains, beans, cotton
livestock (million): asses: / cattle: 2,1 / goats: 0,17 / horses: 0,3 / pigs: 0,54-0,58 / poultry: 43-46 / sheep: 0,1
fish catch: 8521 - 15276 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 15-16% [FW 2002: 21%] //; - part of industry in GDP: 25% [FW 2002: 33%]
industrial products: food processing, beverages, cement
mining products: ferro-nickel, gold, silver, bauxite
CO2 emission per capita: 2,5
services: labour force: 39% [FW 2002: 64%] //; - part of services in GDP: 57% [FW 2002: 56%]
energy use (kg per capita): 904
electricity use (per capita): 646
annual water use (per capita): 446
Traffic, communication
road network: 12600 km //; - of which paved: 49% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 21-28 per 1000 // international license plate: DOM
railways: 1746 km //; - railways passenger/km: ?
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 65 - 110 per 1000 // international dialling code: +1809
ownership radio receivers: 277 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 148 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 35 per 1000
persons per post office: 35000
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Pico Duarte 3088 - 3175 m, Monte Tina 3140, Pico del Yaque 2995, Alto Bandera 2630
lowest point: 44 m below sea level (Lago Enriquillo)
lakes (natural): Lago Enriquillo
lakes (artificial reservoirs): a few small ones, in several atlantes mostly found nameless
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Yaque del Norte, Yaque del Sur, Ozama, Yuna
canals: none
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: Isla Saona
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2005-01-02 by Jan Lahmeyer
Š 1999/2005 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer