map of Zimbabwe; source WR ZIMBABWE

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Zimbabwe
country code ISO: ZW //; - FIPS: ZI
location: Southern Africa
time zone: +2 UT
surface (land) area: 390757 sq.km = 150872 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 15° S / South: 22° S / East: 33° E / West: 25° E
borders (land): Zambia, Mozambique, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia
borders (coastline): none
climate: tropical, temperated by altitude
Government
independent since: 1980-04-18
type of government: republic
capital: Harare
administrative division: province (8) + city district (2)
Population
population according to the latest census (1992): 10401,767; or: 10412,548
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 11342,521; or: 12627,000
population density: 29 per sq.km = 75 per sq.mi
population growth: 3% //; - doubling time: 50 years
birth rate: 25 - 32 per 1000
death rate: 18 - 23 per 1000
fertility rate: 4 - 5 children per female
maternal mortality: 480 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 73 per 1000
life expectancy: 38 - 40 [60] years (male: 39 [58]; female: 36 [62]) between square brackets is possibly only for white population
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 51% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 35% //; - urbanisation growth: 6%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 50%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Shona 71%; Ndebele 16%; European 2%
languages: English (official); Shona, SiNdebele
religious affiliation: Animist/traditional beliefs 41%; Protestant 35%; African indigenous 14%; Roman Catholic 8%
Health
daily food intake: 2153 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 77 - 85%
people per physician: 6904
people per hospital bed: 501
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 100%
school enrolment: secondary education: 52%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 6%
adult literacy: 85% (male: 90%; female: 80%) [later toatl figure found: 93%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Zimbabwe dollar = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 26%
population below poverty line: 25%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 490 per capita
GNI USD 460 per capita //; - [ppp: 2550]
GDP growth: 0,4%
income: USD 620 per capita
import: USD 2726 per capita //; - export: USD 1895 per capita
trade: USD 381 per capita //; - or 45% of GDP
trade partners: ZA GB US DE
human development index: 0,554 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 117
female labour force: 45%
unemployment: 40%
tourism: 1,9 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 7% //; - grass land: 13% //; - wooded area: 49% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 65% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 20%
agricultural products: sugarcane, maize, tobacco leaves, vegetables, seed cotton, wheat, soybeans, cotton
livestock (million): asses: 0,1 / cattle: 5,6 / goats: 2,8 / pigs: 0,3 / poultry: 16 / sheep: 0,5
fish catch: 12406 - 18241 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 6% //; - part of industry in GDP: 32%
industrial products: chemicals, textiles, clothing, food processing, transport equipment, steel
mining products: gold, coal, asbestos, nickel, copper, silver, iron, emeralds, lithium, chromium
CO2 emission per capita: 1,2
services: labour force: 30% //; - part of services in GDP: 48%
energy use (kg per capita): 821
electricity use (per capita): 894
annual water use (per capita): 136
Traffic, communication
road network: 85237, or 91810 km //; - of which paved: 18, or 47% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 29 per 1000
railways: 2759 km //; - railways passenger/km: 546
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 14 - 21 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 93 - 113 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 12 - 30 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 17 per 1000
persons per post office: 39900
personal computers: 12 - 13 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Inyangani 2592 m, nameless peak? 2286, Nyangui 2230, nameless peak? 2211
lowest point: possibly in the Southeastern tip of the country
lakes (natural): Lake Manyamé, Lake Kyle
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Lake Kariba
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Zambezi, Shangani, Sanyati, Runde, Save
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: Victoria 104,5 m
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-15 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer