map of Sierra Leone; source WR SIERRA LEONE

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Sierra Leone
country code ISO: SL //; - FIPS: SL
location: West Africa
time zone: +0 UT
surface (land) area: 71740 sq.km = 27699 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 10° N / South: 7° N / East: 10° W / West: 13° W
borders (land): Guinea, Liberia
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: tropical and generally humid
Government
independent since: 1961-04-27
type of government: republic
capital: Freetown
administrative division: province (3) + area (1), into district (12)
Population
population according to the latest census (1985): 3515,812, or: 3517,530
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 5232,624; or: 5031,000 /-; 2001: 5426,618
population density: 73 per sq.km = 189 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,5% //; - doubling time: 29 years
birth rate: 45 - 49 per 1000
death rate: 19 - 25 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: 450 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 166 per 1000
life expectancy: 46 years (male: 43; female: 49)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 37% //; - urbanisation growth: 6%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 47%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Mende 35%; Tenme 32%; Limba 8%; Kono 5%; Bullom-Sherbro 4%; Fulani 4%; Kuranko 3,5%; Yalunka 3,5%; Kissi 2%; other 3,4%
languages: English (official); Creole, Mende, Limba, Tenme, Krio
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 39 - 60%; traditional beliefs 30 - 51%; Christian 10% (> 5% Protestant)
Health
daily food intake: 2045 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 28 - 34%
people per physician: 10800
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 37%
school enrolment: secondary education: 12%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 1%
adult literacy: 31% (male: 45%; female: 18%) [later total figure found: 36%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Leone = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 29%
population below poverty line: 58%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 150 per capita
GNI USD 130 per capita //; - [ppp: 480]
GDP growth: -6,5%
income: USD 210 per capita
import: USD 150 per capita //; - export: USD 116 per capita
trade: USD 72 per capita //; - or 25% of GDP
trade partners: US GB DE NL
human development index: 0,258 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 162
female labour force: 32 - 37%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,01 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 9% //; - grass land: 31% //; - wooded area: 29% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 70% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 43%
agricultural products: rice, cassava, sweet potatoes, groundnuts, tomatoes, palm kernels, plantains, cocoa, coffee
livestock (1000s): cattle: 420 / goats: 200 / pigs: 52 / poultry: 6066 / sheep: 365
fish catch: 59400 - 68739 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 14% //; - part of industry in GDP: 14%
industrial products: food & beverages, light manufacturing
mining products: diamonds, bauxite, rutile and ilmenite (both titanium ores), gold
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 16% //; - part of services in GDP: 43%
energy use (kg per capita): 53 - 77
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 99
Traffic, communication
road network: 7500 (or 11674) km //; - of which paved: 8 (or 11)% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 8 per 1000
railways: 84 km //; - railways passenger/km: 66
navigable inland waterways: 800 km
ownership telephone: 4 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 72 - 253 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 12 - 16 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 2 per 1000
persons per post office: 85000
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Bintimani (Loma Mountains) 1948 m, another (on maps nameless) peak 1824; Sankanbiaiwa (Tingi Mts.) 1715
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none, or unknown
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Kaba, Rokel, Taia, Sewa, Moa, Mano
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Sherbro Island, Banana Island, Turtle Island
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-03-06 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer