map of Namibia; source: WR NAMIBIA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Namibia
country code ISO: NA //; - FIPS: WA
location: Southwest Africa
time zone: +1 UT* [*= applying daylight saving time]
surface (land) area: 825118 sq.km = 318580 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 17° S / South: 29° S / East: 25° E / West: 12° E
borders (land): Angola, Zambia, Botswana, South Africa
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: arid subtropical
Government
independent since: 1990-03-21
type of government: republic
capital: Windhoek
administrative division: region (13)
Population
population according to the latest census (1991): 1401,711; or: 1409,920
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 1771,327; or: 1757,000 /-; 2001: 1788,000
population density: 2 per sq.km = 5,5 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,6% //; - doubling time: 26 years
birth rate: 35 - 37 per 1000
death rate: 10 - 21 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 97 per 1000
life expectancy: 42 - 59 years (male: 47 - 58; female: 39 - 60)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 46% //; - 15-59 years: 49% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 31% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: %
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Ovambo 47%; Kavango 9%; Herero 7%; Damara 7%; white 6%; Nama 5%; Caprivi 4%; other 15%
languages: English, Afrikaans, German (all official); Ovambo, Nama, Kavango, Herero, Caprivi, San
religious affiliation: Lutheran 51%; Roman Catholic 17%; Dutch Reformed 7%; Anglican 5%; other 18%
Health
daily food intake: 2107 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 57 - 77%
people per physician: 4600
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 68%
school enrolment: secondary education: 28%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 5%
adult literacy: 76% (male: %; female: %) [later total figure found: 82%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Nambian dollar = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 10%
population below poverty line: 35%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 5010 per capita
GNI USD 2030 per capita //; - [ppp: 6410]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 1120 per capita
import: USD 1374 per capita //; - export: USD 1321 per capita
trade: USD 1200 per capita //; - or 84% of GDP
trade partners: ZA
human development index: 0,601 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 111
female labour force: 41%
unemployment: 38%
tourism: 0,6 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 1% //; - grass land: 46% //; - wooded area: 15% //; - arid land and desert: 38%
agriculture: labour force: 44% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 10%
agricultural products: cereals: millet, maize, sorghum ; fruits, vegetables and melons, pulses
livestock (1000s): asses: 68 / cattle: 2504 / goats: 1849 / horses: 62 / pigs: 23 / poultry: 2400 / sheep: 2446
fish catch: 291164 - 299151 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 22% //; - part of industry in GDP: 28%
industrial products: cut gems, fur products (karakul), food processing, textiles, carved woods
mining products: uranium, lead, cadmium, diamonds, copper, zinc, silver, gold, tin
CO2 emission per capita: 9,9
services: labour force: 35% //; - part of services in GDP: 62%
energy use (kg per capita): 645
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 84
Traffic, communication
road network: 42760, or 63258 km //; - of which paved: 8% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 68 per 1000
railways: 2382 km //; - railways passenger/km: 2008
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 51 - 64 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 136 - 152 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 29 - 37 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 93 per 1000
persons per post office: 18900
personal computers: 34 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Brandberg 2573 m, Auas 2484, Spitzkopje (?) in Erongo Mts. 2350
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): a lot of scattered (mostly seasonal dry) lakes
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none, or unknown
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Orange River, Zambezi, Okavango, Kunene, Fish
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: some very small ones: Possession I., Hollandsbird I.
deserts: Namib, Kalahari
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-28 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer