map of Mozambique; source: WR MOZAMBIQUE

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Moçambique
country code ISO: MZ //; - FIPS: MZ
location: Southeast Africa
time zone: +2 UT
surface (land) area: 812379 sq.km = 313661 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 10° S / South: 27° S / East: 41° E / West: 30° E
borders (land): Tanzania, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Swaziland
borders (coastline): Indian Ocean
climate: tropical
Government
independent since: 1975-06-25
type of government: republic
capital: Maputo
administrative division: província (10) + city (1)
Population
population according to the last two censuses (1980): 11673,725 /-; (1997): 15278,334
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 17242,200; or: 17691,000; or: 19104,696 /-; 2001: 17587,000
population density: 22 per sq.km = 57 per sq.mi
population growth: 2,5% //; - doubling time: 26 years
birth rate: 37 - 45 per 1000
death rate: 18 - 24 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: 479 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 127 per 1000
life expectancy: 42 years (male: 43; female: 41)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 44% //; - 15-59 years: 51% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 40% //; - urbanisation growth: 7%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 83%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Makua 47%; Tsonga 23%; Malawi 12%; Shona 11%; Yao 4%; Swahili 1%; Makonde 0,5%; European 0,2%
languages: Portuguese (official); Bantu
religious affiliation: indigenous traditional beliefs 47%; Muslim 28%; Roman Catholic 12%; Protestant 9%
Health
daily food intake: 1911 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 32 - 60%
people per physician: 140000
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 68%
school enrolment: secondary education: 5%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 0,2%
adult literacy: 43% (male: 57%; female: 31%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Metcial (plural: Meticais) = 100 centavos
annual inflation rate: 33%
population below poverty line: 48%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 760 per capita
GNI USD 210 per capita //; - [ppp: 800]
GDP growth: 4%
income: USD 70 per capita
import: USD 544 per capita //; - export: USD 164 per capita
trade: USD 66 per capita //; - or 36% of GDP
trade partners: CIS-countries ZA FR PT US JP DE ES
human development index: 0,323 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 157
female labour force: 48%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 4% //; - grass land: 56% //; - wooded area: 22% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 85% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 37%
agricultural products: cassava, maize (corn), coconuts, sugarcane, sorghum, cashews, cotton, groundnuts, bananas
livestock (1000s): cattle: 1320 / goats: 392 / pigs: 180 / poultry: 23000-28000 / sheep: 122
fish catch: 39579 metric tonnes / mainly shrimps
industry: labour force: 7% //; - part of industry in GDP: 46%
industrial products: food processing, textiles, chemicals
mining products: coal, iron, tantalite, bauxite, titanium, fluorspar, zirconium
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 8% //; - part of services in GDP: 17%
energy use (kg per capita): 404
electricity use (per capita): 53
annual water use (per capita): 53
Traffic, communication
road network: 26095, or 19810, or 30400 km //; - of which paved: 18% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 3 per 1000
railways: 3131 km //; - railways passenger/km: 312
navigable inland waterways: 3750 km
ownership telephone: 3 - 4 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 36 - 40 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 3 - 4 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 5 per 1000
persons per post office: 40400
personal computers: 3 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Monte Binga 2436 m, Serra Namúli 2419, Serra Jéci 1836
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lago Malawi (Nyasa)
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Lago de Cahora Bassa
lakes (deepest): Lago Malawi (Nyasa)
rivers: Limpopo, Zambezi, Rovuma, Save, Púngoè, Lurio, Messalo
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: / deepest:
islands: several, of which Ilha da Bazaruto is the largest one
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-27 by Jan Lahmeyer
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