map of Kenya; source: WR KENYA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Kenya
country code ISO: KE //; - FIPS: KE
location: East Africa
time zone: +3 UT
surface (land) area: 582646 sq.km = 224916 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 5° N / South: 5° S / East: 42° E / West: 34° E
borders (land): Tanzania, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia
borders (coastline): Indian Ocean
climate: tropical: partly hot and humid, or: dry, temperate
Government
independent since: 1963-12-12
type of government: republic
capital: Nairobi
administrative division: province (7), special area (1)
Population
population according to the latest census (1999): 28686,607
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 30339,770; or: 30092,000 // -; 2001: 29904,000
population density: 51 per sq.km = 133 per sq.mi
population growth: 4% //; - doubling time: 28 years
birth rate: 28 - 47 per 1000
death rate: 10 - 14 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: 170 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 55 per 1000
life expectancy: 48 - 61 years (male: 47 - 59; female: 48 - 63)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 50% //; - 15-59 years: 46% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 33% //; - urbanisation growth: 7%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 57%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Kikuyu 17%; Luhya 12%; Luo 11%; Kalenjin 10%; Kamba 10%; Kisii 6%; Meru 5%; Mijikenda 5%; Masai 2%; Turkana 1%; other: 21%
languages: Swahili, English (both official); Kikuyu, plus over 200 tribal indigenous languages
religious affiliation: Christian 48 - 66% (Protestant 28-38, Roman Catholic 20-28); African indigenous 18 - 30%; Muslim 6%; other 2%
Health
daily food intake: 1968 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 53%
people per physician: 6000
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 93%
school enrolment: secondary education: 23%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 2%
adult literacy: 69% (male: %; female: %) [later found total figure: 78 - 82%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Kenya shilling = 100 cents
annual inflation rate: 14%
population below poverty line: 42%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1190 per capita
GNI USD 350 per capita //; - [ppp: 1010]
GDP growth: -0,5%
income: USD 340 per capita
import: USD 1696 per capita //; - export: USD 1392 per capita
trade: USD 130 per capita //; - or 47% of GDP
trade partners: GB JP DE UG UA
human development index: 0,514 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 123
female labour force: 46%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,9 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 4% //; - grass land: 67% //; - wooded area: 4% //; - arid land and desert: ca 20%
agriculture: labour force: 81% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 27%
agricultural products: maize, millet, cassava, beans, pyrethrum, tea, coffee, sugar, cattle, sisal, cut flowers, hides
livestock (million): camels: 0,8 / cattle: 13,8 / goats: 9,6 / pigs: 0,2 / poultry: 31 / sheep: 7
fish catch: 161183 - 205287 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 7% //; - part of industry in GDP: 22%
industrial products: agriculture, oil refining, food processing, cement, light industry
mining products: soda ash, fluorspar, limestone, rubies, gold, vermiculite, garnets, salt
CO2 emission per capita: 0,3
services: labour force: 12% //; - part of services in GDP: 51%
energy use (kg per capita): 499
electricity use (per capita): 126
annual water use (per capita): 50
Traffic, communication
road network: 54700, or 63663 km //; - of which paved: 14% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 5 per 1000
railways: 2733, or 3034 km //; - railways passenger/km: 464, or 1276
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 9 - 10 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 103 - 108 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 18 - 26 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 13 per 1000
persons per post office: 26000
personal computers: 5 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Kirinyaga (Mt. Kenya) 5199 m, Mt. Elgon 4321, Sattimma 3994
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lake Victoria, Lake Turkana (Rudolf), Lake Magadi, Lake Naivasha
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Masinga Reservoir
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Tana, Galana, Athi, Ewaso Ngiro, Milgis, Kerjo
canals: none, or unknown
waterfalls: none, or unknown
caves: longest system: none, or unknown / deepest:
islands: Mfanganu, Rusinga (both in Lake Victoria); Central Island, South Island (both in Lake Turkana)
deserts: Chalbi
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-20 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer