map of  Ghana; source: WR GHANA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Ghana
country code ISO: GH //; - FIPS: GH
location: West Africa
time zone: 0 UT
surface (land) area: 238533 sq.km = 92099 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 11° N / South: 5° N / East: 1° E / West: 3° W
borders (land): Côte d'Ivoire, Burkian Faso, Togo
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: tropical - subtropical
Government
independent since: 1957-03-06
type of government: republic
capital: Accra
administrative division: region (10)
Population
population according to the last two censuses: (1984): 12296,081 //; - (2000): 18412,247
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 19533,560; or: 19306,000 // - ; 2001: 20636,000
population density: 84 per sq.km = 217 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,5% //; - doubling time: 23 years
birth rate: 29 - 44 per 1000
death rate: 10 - 12 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 1000 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 81 per 1000
life expectancy: 57 years (male: 56; female: 59)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 45% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 38% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 35%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Akan 44%; Moshi-Dagomba 16%; Ewe 13%; Ga-Adangme 8%; Gurma 3%; Yoruba 1%
languages: English (official); Akan 52%; Moshi-Dagomba 16%; Ewe 12%; Ga-Adangme 8%; Gurma 3%; Yoruba 1%
religious affiliation: Protestant 20 - 28%; traditional beliefs 21 - 38%; Roman Catholic 15 - 19%; Muslim 16 - 30%
Health
daily food intake: 2684 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 56 - 64%
people per physician: 22970
people per hospital bed: 638
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 71%
school enrolment: secondary education: 40%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 4%
adult literacy: 60% (male: 70%; female: 51%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Cedi = 100 pesewas
annual inflation rate: 27%
population below poverty line: 31%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 390 per capita
GNI USD 340 per capita //; - [ppp: 1910]
GDP growth: 2%
income: USD 400 per capita
import: USD 2145 per capita //; - export: USD 1234 per capita
trade: USD 158 per capita //; - or 91% of GDP
trade partners: GB DE US CIS JP
human development index: 0,542 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 119
female labour force: 51%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,4 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 12% //; - grass land: 22% //; - wooded area: 35% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 59% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 53%
agricultural products: maize, cassava, cocoa, bananas, sorghum, timber, coffee, groundnuts, rice
livestock (million): asses: 0,01 / cattle: 1,3 / goats: 3 / pigs: 0,4 / poultry: 20 / sheep: 2,7
fish catch: 446883 - 492776 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 11% //; - part of industry in GDP: 17%
industrial products: food processing, aluminium, light manufacturing, lumbering
mining products: diamonds, gold, bauxite, manganese
CO2 emission per capita: 0,2
services: labour force: 30% //; - part of services in GDP: 30%
energy use (kg per capita): 377
electricity use (per capita): 204
annual water use (per capita): 35
Traffic, communication
road network: 28300 - 38940 km //; - of which paved: 25 - 30% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 4 per 1000
railways: 953 km //; - railways passenger/km: 118
navigable inland waterways: 1293 km
ownership telephone: 4 - 8 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 76 - 249 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 16 - 115 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 18 - 64 per 1000
persons per post office: 17300
personal computers: 3 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Afadjado 885 m, Djebobo 876, Avegbadje 863, Akwawa 788, Kwamisa 767
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lake Bosumtwi
lakes (artificial reservoirs): Lake Volta
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Volta : with Black and White Volta; Oti
canals: unknown
waterfalls: unknown
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: unknown
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-13 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer