map of  The Gambia; source: WR The GAMBIA

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): The Gambia
country code ISO: GM //; - FIPS: GA
location: West Africa
time zone: +0 UT
surface (land) area: 11300 sq.km = 4363 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 14° N / South: 13° N / East: 14° W / West: 17° W
borders (land): Senegal
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: subtropical
Government
independent since: 1965-02-18
type of government: republic
capital: Banjul
administrative division: division (6)
Population
population according to the latest census (1993): 1036,145
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 1367,124; or: 1303,000 // - ; 2001: 1337,000
population density: 118 per sq.km = 307 per sq.mi
population growth: 4% //; - doubling time: 29 years
birth rate: 42 - 45 per 1000
death rate: 13 - 20 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 132 per 1000
life expectancy: 45 - 54 years (male: 43 - 52; female: 47 - 56) [differences depend on source used]
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 44% //; - 15-59 years: 51% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 23 - 33% //; - urbanisation growth: %
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 100%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Madinka 34%; Fula(ni) 16%; Wolof 13%; Dyolo (Yola) 9%; Serahuli 8%; Soninke 8%
languages: English (official); Madinka, Fula, Wolof
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 95%; Christian 4%
Health
daily food intake: 2559 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 76%
people per physician: 11600
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 75%
school enrolment: secondary education: 20%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 0,4%
adult literacy: 27% (male: 39%; female: 16%)
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Dalasi = 100 butut
annual inflation rate: 4%
population below poverty line: 64%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 320 per capita
GNI USD 340 per capita //; - [ppp: 1620]
GDP growth: -0,3%
income: USD 360 per capita
import: USD 141 per capita //; - export: USD 22 per capita
trade: USD 298 per capita //; - or % of GDP
trade partners: CH FR NL BE GW GB TH ES
human development index: 0,398 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 149
female labour force: 45%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,1 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 18% //; - grass land: 9% //; - wooded area: 16% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 84% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 34%
agricultural products: groundnuts, paddy rice, millet, sorghum, cassava, pulses, palm oil & - kernels
livestock (1000s): cattle: 364 / goats: 145-270 / pigs: 14 / poultry: 740-780 / sheep: 106-195
fish catch: 32258 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 7% //; - part of industry in GDP: 12%
industrial products: some food processing, peanut processing
mining products: limenite, zircon, rutile, kaolin, tin
CO2 emission per capita: 0,2
services: labour force: 9% //; - part of services in GDP: 54%
energy use (kg per capita): 56
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita): 30
Traffic, communication
road network: 2386 - 2700 km //; - of which paved: 35% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 6 per 1000
railways: 0 km //; - railways passenger/km: -
navigable inland waterways: 400 km
ownership telephone: 17 - 23 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 125 - 165 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 4 - 35 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 2 per 1000
persons per post office:
personal computers: 12 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: highest points are hardly existing and/or of no importance, and are even not shown on maps
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): none
rivers: Gambia
canals: none
waterfalls: none
caves: longest system: none / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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official site of the Gambia


Latest modification of this page on 2004-02-13 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "populstat" site: Jan Lahmeyer