map of  Djibouti; source: WR DJIBOUTI

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): Jîbûtî ; `'Gîbûtî ; Djibouti
country code ISO: DJ [DJI] //; - FIPS: DJ
location: Northeast Africa
time zone: +3 UT
surface (land) area: 23200 sq.km = 8958 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 23310 sq.km = 8998 sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 13° N / South: 11° N / East: 43° E / West: 42° E
borders (land): Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
borders (coastline): Gulf of Aden, Bab el Mandeb
climate: hot arid
Government
independent since: 1977-06-27
type of government: republic
capital: Jîbûtî (Djibouti)
administrative division: district (5)
Population
population according to the latest census (1960/61): 81,200
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 651,442; or: 632,000 /-; 2001: 644,000 /-; 2002: 693,000
population density: 28 per sq.km = 72 per sq.mi
population growth: 3 - 5,7% //; - doubling time: 32 years
birth rate: 40 - 46 per 1000
death rate: 15 - 16 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 38 - 105 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 32 - 112 per 1000
life expectancy: 51 years (male: 49; female: 53)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 46% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 83% //; - urbanisation growth: 5%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 100%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Issa 47% (Somali); Afar 38% (Danakil); Arab 6%; European 4%; other 5%
languages: Arabic, French, Cushitic, Afar, Somali
religious affiliation: Sunnî Muslim 94%; Roman Catholic 4%
Health
daily food intake: 2074 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 24% [FW 2000: 100%]
people per physician: 1000 - 5000
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 97%
school enrolment: secondary education: 41%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 0%
adult literacy: 46% (male: 60%; female: 33%) [PG total: 19% ; DK total: 66%; FW 2000: m: 76% ; f: 54%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Djibouti Franc = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 4%
population below poverty line: 45%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 450 per capita
GNI USD 850 - 880 per capita //; - [ppp: 2040]
GDP growth: -4%
income: USD 1000 per capita
import: USD 214 per capita //; - export: USD 17 per capita
trade: USD 550 per capita //; - or 49% of GDP
trade partners: FR YM SO SA PK ET US IT JP CN
human development index: 0,447 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 137
female labour force: %
unemployment: 58%
tourism: 0,02 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: < 1% //; - grass land: 9% //; - wooded area: 0,9% //; - arid land and desert: ca 85%
agriculture: labour force: 77% [FW 2001: 79%] //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 5% [FW 2000: 4%]
agricultural products: vegetables: melons, eggplants, tomatoes
livestock (1000s): asses: 9 / camels: 66 / cattle: 269 / goats: 513 / poultry: / sheep: 470
fish catch: 350 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 9% //; - part of industry in GDP: 15% [FW 2000: 14%]
industrial products: of no importance
mining products: gypsum, mica, amethyst, sulphur, salt
CO2 emission per capita: 0,6
services: labour force: 14-15% //; - part of services in GDP: 80% [FW 2000: 82%]
energy use (kg per capita): 909
electricity use (per capita):
annual water use (per capita):
Traffic, communication
road network: 2890, or 3057 km //; - of which paved: 13% [364] //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 15 - 18 per 1000 // international license plate: DJI
railways: 100 - 106 km //; - railways passenger/km: 279
navigable inland waterways: 0 km
ownership telephone: 13 - 15 per 1000 // international dialling code: +253
ownership radio receivers: 61 - 84 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 73 per 1000
newspaper circulation: per 1000
persons per post office: 58600
personal computers: 10 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Moussa 'Ali 2021 m, Mt. Goudah 1783
lowest point: -157 m below sea level (Lac 'Assal)
lakes (natural): Lac 'Assal, Lac Abhe
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none
lakes (deepest): unknown
rivers: Essalou, Ouâhayyi, Sadaï
canals: none
waterfalls: none
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest: unknown
islands: Iles Moucha
deserts: at the edge of the Danakil desert
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2005-01-01 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2005 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer