map of  Congo Kinshasa; source: WR CONGO [Kinshasa]

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
 
official name (short form): République Démocratique du Congo ; Congo-Kinshasa
country code ISO: CD [COD] //; - FIPS: CG
location: Central Africa
time zone: + 1 / + 2 UT
surface (land) area: 2267600 sq.km = 875520 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: 2345410 sq.km = 905563 {905441} sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 5° N / South: 13° S / East: 31° E / West: 12° E
borders (land): Congo-Brazzaville, République Centraficaine, Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, Angola
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: tropical humid
Government
independent since: 1960-06-30
type of government: republic
capital: Kinshasa
administrative division: région (11)
Population
population according to the latest census (1984): 29671,407
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 51964,999; or: 50948,000 /-; 2001: 52522,000 /-; 2002: 51580,000
population density: 22 per sq.km = 59 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,6% //; - doubling time: 22 years
birth rate: 45 - 48 per 1000
death rate: 13 - 17 per 1000
fertility rate: 6 children per female
maternal mortality: 800 per 100,000
infant mortality (in the first year of life): 129 - 205 per 1000
infant mortality (from 1st - 4th year of life): 75 per 1000
life expectancy: 47 - 54 years (male: 45 - 52; female: 49 - 56)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 46% //; - 15-59 years: 50% //; - 60+ years: 4%
urbanisation: 30% //; - urbanisation growth: 7%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 28%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: Luba 18%; (Ba)Kongo 16%; Mongo 14%; Rwanda 10%; Azandi 6%; Bandi+Ngali 6%
languages: French (official) ; Lingala, Swahili, Kikongo, Tshiluba, Azande, Luba, Mongo, Rwanda, Boa, Rundi
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 41%; Protestant 32%; Muslim 10%; indigenous Christian 10%; traditional beliefs 3%
Health
daily food intake: 1701 calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 27% [FW 2000: 45%]
people per physician: 14250 - 15584
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 78% [DK 47%]
school enrolment: secondary education: 24% [DK 18%]
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 2% [DK 1%]
adult literacy: 77% (male: 87%; female: 68%) [PG total 74%; FW 2000 total 62%, m: 73%; f: 50%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: Frac congolais (FC) = 100 makuta = 10000 sengi
annual inflation rate: 846 - 1423%
population below poverty line: ca 40%
Gross Domestic Product: USD 203 per capita
GNI USD 100 - 110 per capita //; - [ppp: 630]
GDP growth: -8%
income: USD 120 - 220 per capita
import: USD 420 per capita //; - export: USD 506 per capita
trade: USD 18 - 42 per capita //; - or 15% of GDP
trade partners: US BE FR BR IT DE ZA ZW FI NG
human development index: 0,429 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 142
female labour force: 43%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,05 - 0,1 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 3% //; - grass land: 7% //; - wooded area: 77% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 71% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 30% [FW 2002: 56%]
agricultural products: cassava, plantains, bananas, groundnuts, sugar cane, coffee, rubber, cotton, palm oil, cocoa, tea, timber
livestock (million): cattle: 0,8 / goats: 4,1 / pigs: 1 / poultry: 19-22 / sheep: 0,9
fish catch: 162961 - 208862 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 13% //; - part of industry in GDP: 33% [FW 2002: 19%]
industrial products: textiles & clothing, food processing, oil refining, forestry, consumer products
mining products: copper, diamonds, natural oil & gas, cobalt, zinc, uranium, manganese, tin, gold, cadmium, silver, germanium, radium
CO2 emission per capita: 0,1
services: labour force: 16% //; - part of services in GDP: 36% [FW 2002: 25%]
energy use (kg per capita): 293
electricity use (per capita): 43
annual water use (per capita): 1133
Traffic, communication
road network: 157000 km //; - of which paved: ca 2% //; - of which are motorways: 30 km
vehicles: 2 - 17 per 1000 // international license plate: CGO
railways: 4772; or: 5138 km //; - railways passenger/km: 320; or: 580
navigable inland waterways: 15200 - 16400 km
ownership telephone: 0,1 - 0,8 per 1000 // international dialling code: +243
ownership radio receivers: 81 - 376 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 41 - 135 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 3 per 1000
persons per post office: 144000
personal computers: per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Margherita peak 5110 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): Lake Tanganyika, Lac Moero (Mweru), Albert, Rutanzige (Edward), Kivu, Mai-Ndombe, Nzilo
lakes (artificial reservoirs): none; or unknown
lakes (deepest): Lake Tanganyika
rivers: Congo (Zaïre) + Lualaba + Ubangi + Uele; Kasai + Sankura, Lulua
canals: none
waterfalls: Boyoma Falls (Stanley Falls)
caves: longest system: unknown / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA DK EV FW PW WA WB WR, and some - local national or international - statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

top    To the page containing the population growth statistics of the country

next    To the page containing the historical population growth statistics of the provinces

down    To the page containing urban historical population statistics

back    Back to the homepage of this website: POPULATION STATISTICS


back     Internet website:
Congo official site


Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-28 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer