map of  Congo Brazzaville; source: WR CONGO [Brazzaville]

general data of the country


 
General useful information
 
Note: some data are of constant value, while other are due to changes, fluctuations etc.
 
Nation and population
official name (short form): Congo Republic ; République du Congo ; Congo Brazzaville
country code ISO: CG //; - FIPS: CF
location: West Central Africa
time zone: +1 UT
surface (land) area: 341945 sq.km = 132047 sq.mi //; - area incl. inland waters: sq.km = sq.mi
geographical position in extreme co-ordinates: North: 4° S / South: 5° S / East: 18° E / West: 11° E
borders (land): Gabon, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo Kinshasa, Angola
borders (coastline): Atlantic Ocean
climate: tropical humid
Government
independent since: 1960-08-15
type of government: republic
capital: Brazzaville
administrative division: région (9) + commune (6)
Population
population according to the latest census (1984): 1909,248
total population according to the estimate of midyear 2000: 2830,961; or: 3018,000 //; 2001: 3110,000
population density: 9 per sq.km = 23 per sq.mi
population growth: 3,2% //; - doubling time: 23 years
birth rate: 38 - 46 per 1000
death rate: 13 - 16 per 1000
fertility rate: 7 children per female
maternal mortality: 1000 per 100,000
infant mortality (1-4 years): 65 - 72 per 1000
life expectancy: 48 years (male: 44; female: 51)
age breakdown: 0-14 years: 46% //; - 15-59 years: 49% //; - 60+ years: 5%
urbanisation: 62% //; - urbanisation growth: 4%
percentage of urban population in the greatest city: 56%
Ethnic composition, language, religion
ethnic groups: BaKongo 52%; Sangha 20%; BaTeke 17%; M'Boshi 12%; M'Bete 5%
languages: French; Lingala, KiKongo, Teke, Ubangi
religious affiliation: Roman Catholic 41%; Animist 33 - 48%; Protestant 24%; Muslim 2%
Health
daily food intake: calories per capita
population with access to safe water: 47%
people per physician: 8300
people per hospital bed:
Education, literacy
school enrolment: primary education 6-11 years: 40%
school enrolment: secondary education: 17%
school enrolment: tertiary education 20-24 years: 3%
adult literacy: 75% (male: 83%; female: 67%) [later found total figure: 81%]
 
Economy and infrastructure
 
Economy and trade
currency: CFA franc = 100 centimes
annual inflation rate: 10%
population below poverty line: %
Gross Domestic Product: USD 1010 per capita
GNI USD 550 per capita //; - [ppp: 570]
GDP growth: -3%
income: USD 1120 per capita
import: USD 408 per capita //; - export: USD 948 per capita
trade: USD 694 per capita //; - or 105% of GDP
trade partners: FR US IT ES
human development index: 0,02 //; - position of the country in the world no.: 126
female labour force: 44%
unemployment: %
tourism: 0,026 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
land use: arable land: 2% //; - grass land: 29% //; - wooded area: 62% //; - arid land and desert: %
agriculture: labour force: 62% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 12%
agricultural products: timber, cassava, sugarcane, plantains, bananas, maize, groundnuts, avocados, cocoa, coffee
livestock (1000s): cattle: 75-87 / goats: 285 / pigs: 46 / poultry: 1950 / sheep: 115
fish catch: 43696 metric tonnes
industry: labour force: 12% //; - part of industry in GDP: 37%
industrial products: petrochemicals, forestry, oil, brewing, cement
mining products: natural gas & oil, iron ore, bauxite, diamonds, potash, lead, copper, zinc
CO2 emission per capita: 0,6
services: labour force: 26% //; - part of services in GDP: 51%
energy use (kg per capita): 245
electricity use (per capita): 48
annual water use (per capita): 20
Traffic, communication
road network: 8410; or: 12800 km //; - of which paved: 10% //; - of which are motorways: 0 km
vehicles: 11 per 1000
railways: 795; or 894 km //; - railways passenger/km: 227
navigable inland waterways: 1120; or: 4385km
ownership telephone: 8 per 1000
ownership radio receivers: 95 -312 per 1000
ownership tv-sets: 17 per 1000
newspaper circulation: 8 per 1000
persons per post office: 2170
personal computers: 3,5 per 1000
 
Some physical landmarks
 
mountains: Monts de la Lékéti 1040 m
lowest point: sea level
lakes (natural): none
lakes (artificial reservoirs): noen
lakes (deepest):
rivers: Congo; and some important tributaries: Oubangi, Sangha
canals: none
waterfalls:
caves: longest system: / deepest:
islands: none
deserts: none
other natural features:
 
Additional remarks, especially on the statistical information
 
other important features:
apart from physical landmarks most of the above figures are changeable, in most cases they date from the 1990's
 
primary sources used for the general information:
BB CA EV PW WA WB WR, and some national statistical yearbooks
particulars concerning population data:
 

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Latest modification of this page on 2004-12-28 by Jan Lahmeyer
1999/2004 "Populstat" website: Jan Lahmeyer